What is Olifa and where it is used: properties and varieties

In the realm of paint materials, olifa is a lesser-known but intriguing material. It is derived from linseed oil and has a special set of qualities that make it useful and adaptable for a range of uses. The purpose of this article is to explain what Olifa is, what makes it unique, and what applications it serves.

Fundamentally, Olifa is just refined linseed oil that has undergone additional processing to improve its drying capabilities. Because of this modification, it is a better option for some painting techniques and conservation procedures than traditional linseed oil. Olifa is well-liked by both conservators and artists because it dries quickly without yellowing, a problem that some drying oils have.

Olifa is notable for its exceptional clarity and transparency. It adds a long-lasting, protective layer and intensifies the brightness of pigments when used as a medium or varnish. This makes it especially helpful for oil painting, where the goal is to ensure the longevity of the painting while achieving depth and vibrancy.

There are multiple Olifa varieties, each suited to individual requirements and tastes. To meet the various needs of conservators and artists, certain formulations might include additives that change the drying times or enhance adhesion. By being aware of these differences, people can choose the Olifa product that best fits their intended use.

In artistic and conservation circles, Olifa continues to elicit interest and admiration despite its relative obscurity when compared to other painting media. Due to its special qualities, which include rapid drying, transparency, and durability, it is a useful tool for conservators and painters alike. Artists and conservationists can further enhance their practice and guarantee the preservation of artworks for future generations by investigating the qualities and varieties of Olifa.


What is Olifa? It was once referred to as "boiled oil" and was included in this instrument along with vegetable oil, amber, and other resins. These days, materials made in this manner are referred to as varnishes.

A few centuries back, wood was used to treat thermopolymer impregnation made of hemp or linseed oil in order to prevent dampness, fungal infection, and parasite spread. employed Olifa and artists in the process of painting icons and paintings.

Since the turn of the 20th century, natural olifs have only been used for coating wooden finish elements in residential buildings and priming surfaces before additional staining due to the development of alternative, less costly, but nonetheless effective protective gear.

A few centuries back, wood was used to treat thermopolymer impregnation made of hemp or linseed oil in order to prevent dampness, fungal infection, and parasite spread.

What is Olifa

Olifa is a polymer film-forming material that is made from vegetable oil that has been heat-treated or alkyd resin. Processing surfaces composed of unpainted wood, certain metals, and concrete is the primary use of olifa. Oil impregnation appears to be an almost transparent liquid on the outside, with colors ranging from a faint yellow to a deep red.

Processing surfaces composed of unpainted wood, certain metals, and concrete is the primary use of olifa.

Advantages and disadvantages

Olifa has benefits and drawbacks, just like any medication.

Among the benefits listed are:

  • The ability to protect wooden surfaces from destruction and exposure to parasites;
  • Creating the basis for paint;
  • The ability to give a certain shade of the processed surface;
  • Universality and ease of use.
  • The ability to burn out, which necessitates re -processing surfaces;
  • Specific smell and toxicity of synthetic and oxoli olifa;
  • The need to apply some compositions to achieve a good result more than once;
  • The ability to fire due to the presence in the composition of rapidly flammable elements.

Most of the aforementioned flaws are present in low-quality, inexpensive tools.


The primary traits vary based on the kind of conception.

Olifa natural has the following qualities:

  • The presence of two ingredients in the composition – linseed or hemp oil and sequcasa;
  • Transparency of impregnation and light oil aroma;
  • Drying time – within one day;
  • Drying temperature – 23 degrees.

Characteristics of both combined impregnation and oksoli include:

  • Adding solvents;
  • Transparency and specific smell;
  • upset –1 days;
  • Drying temperature – 23 degrees.

Regarding artificial compositions:

  • The presence of oil refining products;
  • Specific aroma;
  • Dark color of the impregnation;
  • A long period of drying.

Operating principle

Under the influence of natural factors, natural plant oils can thicken because they contain polyunsaturated fatty acids, specifically linoleic and linolenic. The thin oil layer solidifies into a long-lasting film as it dries, or polymerizes.

Natural drying can take longer than a week to complete. Industrialists devised ways to quicken it. This is accomplished by heating vegetable oil to a high temperature and adding sequcasics, or the compounds of specific metals. Elevated temperatures cause elements to break down more slowly, delaying the drying process, while metals like salt hasten oxidation. This is the response to the query, "What is the composition of the Olifa made of, and can it transform into a solid polymer film for a specific amount of time?"

Depending on the manufacturer’s features and the composition of the olefa, oil impregnation can dry in 6 to 40 hours. Most protective compositions take around a day to dry. Oil dries more quickly the more glycerides it contains. Hemp oil and linen are the leaders in this area, followed by sunflower. The most common types of protective impregnations are made with these three.

Depending on the manufacturer’s features and the composition of the olefa, oil impregnation can dry in 6 to 40 hours.

Where the Olifa is used

How is Olifa put to use? It was originally designed to keep parasites and other harm away from the construction tree. Furthermore, linseed oil or another vegetable is used to make Olifa in this process:

  • Application before painting on wooden as well as metal surfaces. The coverage of polymeric olifoid contributes to the better adhesion of paint and varnishes, and, in addition, due to a decrease in penetration into the structure of the tree, reduces their consumption;
  • Manufacturing coloring compositions. For oil paint, an alkyd composition is more often used as a less expensive ingredient. Synthetic impregnation in the process of making paint is not used due to poor quality;
  • Breeding densely rubbed colors. This helps to make them more elastic and increase the volume.

Types of Olifa

There are three recognized types of olifa: compositional, oil, and alkyd. Metals are added to heated oil to create oil.

Three varieties of oil olifa exist:

  • Natural. This is an almost transparent dark or light (depending on the raw materials used) Oily liquid with a light aroma of the main ingredient. In accordance with GOST 7931-76, this type of Olifa is 97% of hemp oil or linen. The remaining 3% are sequcatic. Olifa dries out for a day. The composition of the natural olifa is recognized as safe, so it is used to pour wooden decoration inside the buildings;
  • Oksol. According to GOST 190-78, OKSOLI contains any type of vegetable oil (55%), solvent (40%) and sequcue (5%). In the production of Oksoli, partial oil replacement (up to 40%) is allowed by oilpolims. Olifa for paint combined Oxol has a specific smell, which is explained by the presence of a solvent in it-white spirit, gum turpentine, nephras;
  • Combined. In general, such an Olifa is almost identical to Oksoli and differs only in the percentage content of substances: there is more oil, and the solvent is less.

In order to produce alkyd impregnation, solvents, sequcathives, and alkyd resins are used. The compositional (or synthetic) olifa is thought to be the least expensive. What’s that? Resins and natural oils are not present in it. Rather, synthetic alternatives are employed; these are typically petroleum-based products.

Synthetic olifa smells different and is darker in color. Additionally, the quality is unimpressive; while some synthetic compounds dry out quickly, others form a film that crumbles like broken glass, and still others never dry out at all, leaving the paint in place on the materials they were applied to. Shale impregnation, polydienic, ethinoleic, and synthol are all considered synthetic. This kind isn’t appropriate for work inside structures.

It is meant to be used for:

  • Splinkling of concrete coatings;
  • Updates and consolidation of old paintwork;
  • Preparations of mastic;
  • Dilution of dark paintwork.

Comparison of natural olifa and oxol

These kinds of natural olifa are comparable in that they are:

  • In the composition (oil + sequacacities);
  • In the field of use – laing wooden and metal coatings.

What makes Olifa Oksol different from natural? There are various variations:

  • Oils in oxoli can contain not only linen or hemp;
  • Oksol may contain oil products;
  • Olina Oksol dries faster than natural;
  • Oksoli"s smell is more sharp due to the content of solvents;
  • The difference in price – Oksol is cheaper.

Olifa is a traditional painting medium with special qualities and adaptability. Olifa, which comes from linseed oil, is a great option for artists who want bright colors and smooth textures in their work because of its quick drying times and glossy finish. Olifa offers a range of formulations to suit different artistic styles and methods, such as stand oil and sun-thickened versions. Olifa finds its place in a variety of artistic endeavors, from traditional oil painting to modern mixed media applications, acting as a dependable and dynamic tool for creative expression.

Application and properties Olif

Olifa is applied to surfaces that are going to be painted in order to shield or cover them. In the external wooden coating processing, natural compositions are almost nonexistent. Indeed, but why? First of all, using such olifa is highly costly; secondly, it is far less sustainable than more contemporary methods. Alkyd olifa or oxol is more resilient to the damaging effects of environmental elements when used outdoors.

It is preferable to handle the wood-tree ornamentation naturally. They don’t release any toxins into the surroundings and hardly smell at all. Owing to its high cost, alkyd or oxolia are occasionally used in place of natural olifa. It is necessary to ventilate the room for a day following such processing.

Toxins are released during compositional impregnation in addition to having an unpleasant odor. One may wonder, "What makes this type of olifa necessary?" The purpose of this composition is to process exterior wooden coatings or wooden products in non-housing rooms.

Oil compositions can be used as a stain because they highlight the grain of wood and give it a particular shade. Sometimes the coller is added to the Olyphus to achieve the desired shade. It is not required to paint the surface once this processing is complete.

Some metal surfaces, like galvanized steel, are impregnated with polymers. It is a component of the primer that is applied to plastered walls before painting or applying wallpaper adhesive. Putty is made with oil compositions, which serve as a connecting element and increase the product’s elasticity.

How to use Olifa correctly

Applying a protective agent is not a particularly difficult procedure. The Olifa is first prepared; for ease of use, it is gently shaken and then poured into a different dish. The product is diluted if it becomes hardened, which can occasionally occur when the package’s seal is broken. White Spirit is one type of natural solvent used for this purpose. You will need to add a solvent and let it sit overnight if the product does not dissolve right away.

The surface is applied with the proper processing with the aid of a brush of the required size. The product is carefully massaged into the pores if it’s a tree. Cheap protective compositions do not always have the desired effect right away. Will need to work on multiple layers.

Only after the first layer has completely dried, or until it no longer sticks to his hands, is the next layer applied.

It is advised to work with olifa while wearing protective clothing and a respirator due to its toxicity and difficulty in cleaning. Some hands and objects may be stained after work. It begs the question, "How to wash the olifa?" Solvents or gasoline can be used to wash off almost any composition. After using a napkin dampened with a solution for ten minutes, the affected areas are cleaned with water and detergent.

It is advised to work with olifa while wearing protective clothing and a respirator due to its toxicity and difficulty in cleaning.


Approximately 150 g of olifa is the ideal amount to use on 1 m2 of wood. This is a rough standard that may vary based on the number of layers and the structure of the material being processed. Thus, for plywood, for instance, less will be needed than for a wooden beam or lining. And to make each subsequent layer—less than the preceding one.

Applying the product with a brush will use less product than working with a roller.

Olifa drying time

The drying time ranges from seven hours to six hours. For instance, the majority of linseed impregnations totally dry out in a single day. Synthetic materials will take longer to dry. It is a sign of poor quality if the impregnation takes several days to dry. This method of processing the surface prevents painting. It is preferable to clean it and apply a fresh composition in this situation. It won’t harm to request a certificate when purchasing protective impregnation in order to avoid such issues.

The ability of oil compositions to dry in the container until the point of use is one of their drawbacks. Thus, dilution may be necessary at times. Use castor oil, white spiteen, or turpentine to accomplish this.

What paint can be painted by olifa

Selecting the appropriate paint is essential when painting over spilled material. When using improper paints and varnishes, unsightly bubbles shaped like yellow resin may appear on recently painted surfaces.

Paint can be applied to the Olifa:

  • Alkyd;
  • Oil;
  • Acrylate-oil;
  • Nitro-cellulose varnish (NC-132);
  • Pentaflei enamel (PF-115).

How to make olifa with your own hands

It is simple to impregnate someone at home if you have a suitable room. How is the Olifa constructed? Manganese, rosin, and vegetable oil will be needed for this.

From sunflower oil

With flax oil, good impregnation can be achieved. Sunflower is an option if none of the above is feasible.

During the getting ready phase:

  1. Make a basis.
  2. Pour oil into a metal container (not more than half the volume) and heat to 110–120 degrees. At this temperature, the water evaporates, and foam appears on the surface of the oil.
  3. Increase the temperature to 270 degrees and boil oil for another 4 hours.

You can use a pigeon pen to check the level of heating by dipping it into boiling oil. The temperature is very high if the feather is wrapped.

Preheat the oven to 150 degrees. Melt the prepared rosin and add the manganese in the recommended amounts (5 g of manganese for every 100 g of rosin). The mixture is maintained at 200 degrees until it becomes transparent. It requires roughly three hours.

The amount of foam is carefully controlled by adding sickativity to boiling oil. The composition is boiled for an additional ten minutes after it has completely fallen, and then it is removed to a cool location to cool.

Olifa is a polymeric agent made from alkyd resin or vegetable oil. A well-chosen impregnation can enhance the look of wooden or metal surfaces, help prevent deterioration, and make subsequent painting easier.

Olifa A drying oil derived from flaxseed, used in paint and varnish.
Properties Dries faster than linseed oil, leaves a glossy finish, and is resistant to water and mildew.
Varieties Mainly two types: Raw Olifa, which is untreated, and Boiled Olifa, which is processed with added chemicals to speed up drying time.

Olifa is a special painting medium that has been utilized by artists all over the world for centuries. Olifa, which is derived from linseed oil, has several qualities that make it a useful tool for painters of all experience levels. Its primary benefit is its speed of drying, which enables artists to work quickly and effortlessly produce desired effects.

Olifa’s remarkable clarity and color depth are among its primary characteristics. Olifa improves the paint’s brightness and vibrancy when combined with pigments, producing beautiful, durable artworks. Depending on their taste and creative vision, artists can also work with Olifa to create a variety of textures and finishes, from glossy to matte.

There are numerous Olifa varieties on the market, and each has special qualities and uses of its own. The most popular variety is refined oleifa, which is valued for its clarity and purity. Conversely, cold-pressed Olifa is a favorite among artists who prefer a more conventional painting experience because it keeps more of the natural nutrients and antioxidants present in linseed oil.

Olifa is frequently used in oil painting by both experts and amateurs. It is perfect for many techniques, such as glazing, impasto, and alla prima, because of its quick drying time and versatility. Olifa can also be applied as a varnish to finish paintings to improve their overall appearance and provide protection.

In summary, Olifa is a useful painting medium that provides artists with a number of advantages, including its ability to enhance color and texture and its quick drying time. Using Olifa in your painting practice can improve your work and open up new creative possibilities, regardless of painting experience.

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Daniel Sedov

Master finish with 20 years of experience. I know everything about painting walls, ceilings, facades. I will gladly help you make your home beautiful and cozy.NoEDIT]

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