Fundamentals of acrylic painting technique

Artists of all skill levels find acrylic painting to be a popular and versatile medium. Acrylic paints are easier to work with than oil paints because they dry quickly and can be thinned with water. Mastering the fundamentals of acrylic painting can help you become a more creative and better painter, regardless of experience level.

The versatility of acrylics is one of their main benefits. When applied straight from the tube, they can simulate the texture of oil paints or the appearance of watercolor when diluted. Because of its adaptability, artists can try out a wide range of methods and looks, from delicate, transparent washes to strong, impasto textures.

When using acrylics, preparation is everything. Selecting the appropriate surface, be it wood, paper, or canvas, can affect how your painting turns out in the end. Better color vibrancy and adhesion are ensured by priming your surface with gesso. Additionally, you can accomplish a variety of effects by keeping a variety of brushes, palette knives, and other tools at your disposal.

An essential acrylic painting technique is layering. Acrylics dry quickly, so you can add layers of texture and color without having to wait a long time. This enables your work to have more depth and complexity. It’s also crucial to become proficient in glazing and blending since they can produce luminous effects and seamless transitions.

The secret to developing your own acrylic style is to experiment. Don’t be scared to experiment with different tools, blend media, or combine colors in your artwork. Your confidence in your abilities will grow as you explore and practice more, which will result in paintings that are more dynamic and expressive.

Gaining a foundational understanding of acrylic painting allows for endless creative possibilities. You can advance your skills and expand the possibilities for your artistic expression by learning the fundamentals. Thus, take out your acrylic paints and brushes, and begin creating your masterpiece right now!

Start of work – we prepare a palette, brushes and paints

You must be aware of the characteristics of acrylic in order to properly set up your workspace and select your work attire. It becomes waterproof after it dries. It will not be possible to clean the drops if they land on the wooden table or the shirt. Thus, it is advisable to cover the floor with thick paper, cover the table with cling film, and put on an apron before beginning work.

If acrylic manages to get on clothing or furniture while the procedure is going on, try cleaning the stain as soon as possible with water or a solvent.

  • What to do if acrylic paints have dried?
  • How to derive paint from clothing household remedies?
  • Whether acrylic paint is washed off with water?

To perform, the following supplies will be needed:

  • Basis: paper, cardboard, plywood or canvas;
  • A set of acrylic paints;
  • thin and thick brushes;
  • palette;
  • A glass of water.

Beginners should use white cardboard or thick paper with a rough texture as a base because these materials make drawing easier. Once you’ve mastered the fundamentals of acrylic tools, you can move on to other materials like canvas and wood.

Prior to beginning work, prime any dark drawing surface. Art and construction stores sell a white special acrylic soil. Using a wide brush, apply it evenly to the surface and allow it to dry completely before moving on to the picture.

Paints made of acrylic are available in sets and individual tubes. A set of twelve colors is appropriate for newcomers. It is worthwhile to purchase a jar or tube of white acrylic in addition, as it is the most popular color and runs out before others.

You should select the right set for a given surface (fabric, wood, glass, or plastic); the paint type should be mentioned on the box. Any color works well for drawings on paper and white cardboard.

Art supply stores sell acrylic paint palettes. Usually, it’s a finger-holed white plastic plank. A palette like this is thoroughly cleaned of paint that was not given enough time to dry. Plexiglass palettes are occasionally used; while they are not less durable than plastic, they are heavier. One can create an autonomous palette using readily available materials, even a single throwaway plastic plate.

Apply a small amount of paint from each jar to a palette before you begin working. The painters applied white paint in the upper left corner, along the palette’s upper border for warm hues (yellow, orange, red, and brown), and along the left border for cold hues (green, blue, and purple) to facilitate color mixing. Applying black paint after blue or purple is preferable.

  • How to draw with acrylic;
  • How to use acrylic paints?

The characteristics of artistic brushes vary, including dimensions, form (round or flat), composition (synthetic or natural), and stiffness (synthetic bristles are more resilient than protein and ponies). Because acrylic paints are heavy and dense, medium-stiff synthetic brushes work best for applying them.

For beginners, it is best to have three to four different size brushes on hand. Using a wide, flat brush to paint the background is convenient. Make textured strokes with a wide round brush. Thin brushes are best used for drawing details, and middle brushes are good for sketching most objects.

Even large round brushes of superior quality have a delicate, thin tip. Without switching tools, the artist can alter the line’s thickness and transition between creating broad strokes and minute details.

Use fresh water to rinse brushes. Fill two cups with water to remove most of the paint from one, then use the other cup to rinse the brushes. Water is constantly being updated due to contamination. To remove extra moisture and collect the brushes, place a fresh, dry rag next to the glasses.

Acrylic painting is a flexible and easy art medium for artists of all skill levels to start with because it has bright colors and quick drying times. Water-based acrylic paints, which can be applied thickly for texture or thinned with water for a more fluid, watercolor-like effect, are used in this technique. A palette, canvases, and brushes are some of the basic tools needed by anyone to begin producing dynamic and expressive artwork. Painting with acrylic requires a basic understanding of layering, blending, and the peculiarities of the paint. These skills can help artists unleash their creativity and create visually striking works.

What can be drawn with acrylic paints

Acryl works well with any concept. You can sketch from photographs or paint from nature, creating still lifes, landscapes, and portraits. To most naturally depict the beauty of man and nature, an artistic set with a palette of natural shades is appropriate.

It is advisable to bring along an additional set of decorative acrylic paints for science fiction stories. They are appropriate for drawing elements and vivid accents because they have certain qualities (like metallic shine or fluorescent radiance).

Acrylic can be used to paint wooden furniture, adorn plastic items, and apply decorative ornaments to fabric or glass. It is quite reliable for a dried pattern to stay on any surface. A staff member at the art store will guide you in selecting supplies for any design concept, ranging from ornamenting Christmas balls to leather shoes.

  • Painting of bottles with acrylic paints;
  • Glass painting with acrylic paints;
  • Painting on fabric with acrylic paints;
  • Painting of Christmas toys;
  • New Year"s drawings;
  • Drawings on stones with acrylic paints;
  • Plate painting;
  • Acrylic paint for the skin;
  • Acrylic paints for wall painting;
  • Drawings with paints for children;

However, the pattern will eventually compete with repeated contact with hands or other surfaces. As a result, painting silicone covers on smartphones or cutlery with acrylic will quickly cause the paint to fade or chip.

Basic principles of acrylic painting

Paintings in acrylic are transparent and airy like watercolors, bright and dense like gouache, and voluminous and saturated like oil paintings. For beginners, it is best to sketch the design with a pencil and then paint over it. The simplest method is to apply broad strokes to the background using a mastikhin or wide brush, and then add tiny details.

You can make a light translucent watercolor background by adding more water to the palette, and then gradually draw the background to see a pencil sketch. The smears will become lighter and more transparent as you add more water.

Brushes must be carefully and frequently cleaned. When the agent becomes receptive, he becomes gregarious; consequently, the agents become more cooperative. Keep your brushes clean; otherwise, they will dry out and become completely ruined.

To prevent the colors in a palette from drying out too quickly, mist it with water. However, avoid spraying water on the paper at all costs as it will soak and spread in "waves."

Once the drawing is finished, leave it on the table to dry completely. Gently fold the remaining pure paint back into jars; it was useless for drawing. And all you have to do is cover the palette with cellophane or cling film if you have to take a quick break from painting.

  • On what to draw with acrylic paints;
  • Mixing paints – rules;
  • How to get the desired color when mixing the ring – a table;

Tips and tricks that will help in acrylic painting

Acryl dries very fast. Jars and tubes should not be held open while drawing. It is preferable to load a palette with the necessary quantity of acrylic paint in every shade you intend to use for your work, shut the lids firmly, and only open the palette again when the paint runs out.

Use specific acrylic solvents to avoid letting the paint dry for too long. Right before you mix colors to get the right shade, add a drop of solvent to a palette. This will lengthen the paint’s drying period and increase its elasticity.

Acrylic gapping is good (almost like oil or gouache). This implies that you can sketch them in multiple layers to correct the problematic area of the image. With acrylic, as opposed to watercolors, you can draw over a dark background using light hues.

Acrylic darkens considerably when it dries. How much is dependent upon the manufacturer and material quality. So, pick a shade that is half a tone lighter than what you actually need (while blending colors, add a drop of white). Once the pattern has dried, assess the outcome and darken it if needed.

  • How to get black;
  • How to get brown;
  • How to get a gray color;
  • How to get blue;
  • How to get a pink color;
  • How to get yellow;
  • How to get an orange color;
  • How to get burgundy color;
  • How to get purple;
  • How to get beige;
Aspect Description
Preparation Start with a clean, primed surface. Use gesso to prepare your canvas.
Materials Use high-quality acrylic paints, brushes, and a palette.
Mixing Colors Mix colors on the palette to create your desired hues.
Layering Build up layers for depth, allowing each layer to dry before adding the next.
Blending Blend colors quickly, as acrylics dry fast.
Drying Time Take advantage of the quick drying time to add details and make adjustments.
Cleanup Clean brushes and palettes with water before the paint dries.

Acrylic painting is a dynamic and adaptable medium that is perfect for artists of all skill levels. It is a favorite among those who want to experiment and hone their skills because of its quick drying time and versatility. Acrylics give artists the versatility to explore a broad range of artistic expressions, whether they are creating detailed pieces or abstract compositions.

To fully utilize acrylic painting, it is necessary to grasp its fundamentals. Every element, from selecting the appropriate brushes and surfaces to learning new techniques, is vital to the way your work turns out. You can learn how to successfully layer colors, produce different textures, and produce the desired effects in your artwork with practice.

The versatility of acrylics with other media is one of their main advantages. Artists can effortlessly integrate elements of mixed media into their works, giving them more nuance and complexity. This provides countless creative opportunities and enables each painting to have a special and individual touch.

As you continue to learn about acrylic painting, keep in mind that patience and experimentation are essential. Every painting session offers the chance to develop as a painter. Accept the process and don’t be scared to make errors. Your abilities will develop with effort and time, and your creative voice will become more apparent in your work.

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Alice Chernyshev

Artist with 15 years of experience, color solutions specialist in interior design. I am in love with the world of colors from childhood, I am happy to share my knowledge and experience.

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