Stages of wall decoration textured plaster (taking into account all the nuances)

Using textured plaster to turn boring walls into eye-catching features is a fun and satisfying project. You can achieve a range of finishes with this adaptable material, from sleek and contemporary to rustic and worn. To get the best results, it’s crucial to comprehend the steps involved in decorating walls with textured plaster, whether you choose to do it yourself or hire an expert.

Appropriate preparation is the first step in any plastering project. Start by giving the wall surface a thorough cleaning to get rid of any loose paint or wallpaper as well as grease and dust. This guarantees good plaster adhesion. After using filler to fix any holes or cracks, sand the areas smooth after it has dried. A lovely plaster finish starts with a surface that has been properly prepared.

Putting on a base coat is the next important stage. This first coat of plaster smooths out any small flaws in the wall and provides support for the texture. From the bottom up, use a trowel to evenly spread the plaster. Before applying the texture, let the base coat completely dry.

Adding a second layer of plaster and working it to the right texture is how texture is created. There are numerous methods available for imprinting patterns, including troweling, sponging, and the use of specialized tools. Before you tackle the entire surface, practice on a spare piece of drywall or a small section of the wall to perfect your technique.

It’s crucial to give the plaster enough time to fully dry after you’ve achieved the desired texture. Be patient as drying times can differ depending on the type of plaster and surrounding circumstances. Once the plaster has dried, you can either leave the rough spots unfinished for a more rustic appearance or sand them down for a smoother finish.

Finally, to preserve your work and improve its appearance, paint or seal the plastered wall. All you need is a clear sealer if you want a natural appearance. Use a high-quality paint that goes well with your décor to add some extra color. Your textured plaster walls will stay gorgeous and strong for many years if you apply the finish coat carefully.

You can create gorgeous textured plaster walls that give character and depth to any space by following these steps and being meticulous. Textured plaster offers countless options to improve the interior design of your house, whether you’re going for a bold, dramatic statement or a subtle, understated effect.

Varieties of textured plaster

You should first ascertain the various categories into which textured plaster is subdivided. Since the filler affects the material’s consistency and functional qualities, it is the primary criterion for difference:

  • Acrylic. The mixture does not need to be diluted independently, the material is supplied in the finished form. The main ingredient is acrylic resin. If after using the right amount the mixture remains, then you can store it in airtight container, but it is still better to use the solution at a time.

  • Silicate. Made on the basis of liquid glass. It is especially suitable for finishing concrete bases, as it has high vapor permeability. Use on other grounds also provides sufficient strength and counteraction to mechanical influences.

  • Silicone. The main component is resin on a synthetic basis. High operational qualities contribute to the resistance of the material to high humidity and temperature extremes.

  • Mineral. This is a universal textured plaster, which is made on the basis of concrete mixture, quartz sand and lime. Before using the plaster, it must be mixed with water until the desired consistency.

Selecting a specific decorative plaster is the right choice, but saving money is not a good idea. Consider carefully the conditions in which it will be used down the road.

Stages of decorative wall decoration

Preparation of tools and materials

Without first preparing the wall, it is impossible to apply a "fur coat." First, you must select a working tool and a snap. In order to complete the bases, you will need:

  • primer;
  • brushes (fly and flute);
  • putty and spatulas (rubber and metal);
  • textured plaster material;
  • trowel, cell and rule;
  • relief tools to give texture;
  • sandpaper or grinding grater.

Surface preparation

The base needs to be properly prepared in order for the plastering mixture to adhere to the wall with consistency:

  1. Clean the surface from old wallpaper, paint or varnish, remove all the fasteners from the walls.
  2. Peel with a spatula, and if there are cracks, then knead them with a trowel. Thus, most of the old plaster or putty will lag behind the wall and the probability of their exfoliation during operation will significantly decrease.
  3. Squire all the available holes and cracks, do not forget to moisten the surface a little. After drying from the walls, you need to remove dust and dirt with a vacuum cleaner.
  4. This is followed by priming the surface in two layers. At the same time, after applying the first, you need to wait time until it is completely dry. It is better to choose a deep penetration.

The best course of action for a surface that is uneven would be to remove the old plaster and apply new. Although using drywall sheets to seal the surface is a costly option, the repair will remain visually appealing for over a year.

In the video: Walls being ready for ornamental plaster.

Preparation of the solution

You should familiarize yourself with crucial preparation details before creating textured plaster, as the quality of the solution will determine the outcome:

  • First, carefully read the instructions indicated on the packaging.
  • When breeding a plaster mixture, adhere to the proportions that the manufacturer recommends.
  • Water is not added at the end, first it is poured into the container, and only then dry plaster is poured to it.
  • To obtain a solution of homogeneous mass, use a special construction mixer. You can take a regular drill on which the corresponding nozzles are sold.
  • After kneading, the mixture is left for several minutes at rest, and before the direct use again is thoroughly mixed.

Application of a plaster mixture

When the plaster is all set, you can begin plastering the walls:

1. Using a trowel to help, a solution is typed onto a wide spatula, which is then smoothly placed on the walls.

2. The mixture is smoothed out on the base to create a special ironer; 3 mm of layer is needed to create thickness and 5 mm of layer is needed to give texture.

3. Specific attention is given to nooks and hard-to-reach areas where narrow processing is done using tools like trowels or rubber spatulas.

You should first estimate the amount of work because mineral mixtures dry quickly, which is something to keep in mind.

We give the texture

Plastering beneath a fur coat is a fun project that can be completed by anyone, even without prior experience. At this point, it is evident how the application is completed on the base. The texture plaster is created using the following tools:

  • Roller. The roller fur coat is made of foam rubber, as well as from wool with a short and long pile. On the surface, you first need to walk with a roller with a long pile, without waiting for drying out, you should perform the same operation, but already a fur coat with a short pile. It is enough for foaming tools once. When working hands can be whatever.

  • Stencils. Made of rubber or other polymers with reliefs of various planes, they will make the surface of textured. With direct contact with the surface each time, such a stamp must be thoroughly washed. In some places you can make efforts, so the pattern is more pronounced.

  • Kelms. Such tools are made of metal. To make the surface look like a natural stone or texture fabric, you can apply a spatula with the teeth provided on it. In this case, movements can be chaotic.

It’s important to exercise caution when doing finishing work with the cell because if you push the plaster all the way to the base, it will simply disappear. Remember to correctly apply a fur coat as well so that the textured drawing matches the ideated solution.

A cell or graters can be used to apply texture in a circular motion. The composition of a well-textured solution will contain soft granules that will burst during the process, producing various tones. The surface of the subtexts can be decorated with liquid plaster, and volumetric patterns can be added to textured solutions with thick compositions. Numerous suggestions exist for this.

Furrows in plaster can be horizontal or vertical. To mimic the bark of a tree, you can use a specialized tool.

The final bar

You must wait a day for the wall or ceiling’s base to dry before decorating the surface and adding color. This is a requirement. Apply a layer of primer composition after that. The best option is to use a combination of deep penetration or quartz soil.

Applying decorative paint in a specific order allows for the application of two or three layers of paint to the wall. Each tone should also be softer than the one before it. Rollers or brushes are used for painting. Next, apply a wax coating or varnish. It is not required to paint extra if the pigment has already been added to the plaster composition.

To achieve a perfect finish, there are a few essential steps involved in transforming your walls with textured plaster. Prioritize surface preparation by ensuring that the wall is primed, smooth, and clean. To create the texture, evenly apply a base coat. Next, use specialized tools like sponges or trowels to shape the plaster into the desired pattern or design. After applying the texture, let it completely dry before adding a sealant to protect and improve the appearance. To get the best results, pay attention to application methods, drying times, and environmental factors.

Economic option – putty from putty

Naturally, the cost of all the plaster materials used to create the "fur coat" is high. Regular putty will be far less expensive, which can serve as a starting point. Giving such a coating a decorative effect is very simple, but it is worth getting ready before creating your own textured plaster:

  • Venetian embossed spatula;
  • simple spatula;
  • sandpaper;
  • primer (preferably quartz);
  • putty itself (preferably two – starting and finish);
  • pearl paint (for example, under silver).
  1. Putting putty, according to the instructions on the packaging. If two varieties of dry mixtures are taken, they are mixed with each other in equal proportions, add water and mix thoroughly. By consistency, the solution should resemble sour cream (and not liquid and not thick).
  2. Apply a finished mixture on the base with a regular spatula with an even layer.
  3. With the help of a relief spatula, the surface is treated, creating a decorative effect under the "fur coat". Movements can be arbitrary and in a chaotic manner.
  4. After 3-4 hours, they remove the most protruding places of hardened putty with a simple spatula.
  5. Clean the entire surface with sandpaper, after which they apply a primer.
  6. The final stage – painting in the selected color. We roll the kner with a roller on the surface, without pressure, the tool should only paint over the protruding relief.

Success is influenced by the right mindset in the situation, even when using a cost-effective method of completion.

Stage Description
Preparation Ensure the wall is clean, dry, and free from debris. Repair any cracks or imperfections.
Priming Apply a suitable primer to promote adhesion and uniform absorption of the textured plaster.
Application Apply the textured plaster evenly using a trowel or spatula, working in small sections at a time.
Texturing Create desired texture using tools like brushes, combs, or sponges while the plaster is still wet.
Drying Allow the plaster to dry completely according to manufacturer"s instructions, typically 24-48 hours.
Finishing Once dry, sand the surface lightly if necessary and apply paint or sealant as desired.

Textured plaster wall décor can give any room depth, personality, and flair. Comprehending the phases involved in this procedure is essential to attaining proficient outcomes. Every stage, from planning to finishing touches, calls for patience and close attention to detail.

First and foremost, make sure your walls are clear of any loose debris, dry, and clean. A perfect finish is based on careful preparation. Use an appropriate filler to seal any holes or cracks, and smooth down any uneven areas to produce a smooth surface.

After preparing your walls, use an appropriate primer to ensure an even texture and to encourage adhesion. For best effects, use the primer that is appropriate for the type of plaster you are using. Before moving on to the next step, let the primer completely dry.

Use a range of methods when applying the textured plaster to get the desired result. Try out various tools, like brushes, rollers, and trowels, to make original textures and patterns. To achieve a cohesive look, work in small sections and blend each area seamlessly.

Give the plaster enough time to dry completely after applying it. It is possible for uneven drying and reduced durability if this step is rushed. Before applying the last coat, smooth out any uneven areas and remove any dust after the paint has dried.

To finish, seal and safeguard your textured plaster with a topcoat. Select a finish that accentuates the plaster’s texture and blends in with your décor. Make sure you apply enough makeup for long-lasting effects, regardless of whether you choose a glossy, satin, or matte finish.

Your walls can become magnificent focal points that enhance the overall aesthetic of your room if you follow these steps and pay attention to the subtleties of applying textured plaster.

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Daria Yakovlev

Interior designer, author of online color design courses. I will help you create a harmonious interior using color.

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