How to put putty on the walls: a simple guide for beginners, how to putty walls at home for wallpaper or painting

Applying putty to walls can seem like a difficult undertaking, particularly for first-timers. But with the correct direction and resources, it can be a doable and even fulfilling project. Applying putty is an essential step to achieve a smooth and polished finish, whether you’re priming your walls for painting or wallpapering.

We’ll walk you through the process of applying putty to your walls at home in this guide. Everything you need to know will be covered, including how to choose and apply putty correctly. Our goal is to simplify this assignment as much as possible so that you can confidently work through it alone.

Additionally, we’ll offer some helpful hints and techniques to help you stay away from typical blunders and guarantee that your walls are ready. You can turn your walls into a smooth canvas ready for your next decorating project with a little perseverance and practice.

Step Instructions
1. Prepare the surface Clean the wall, remove any loose paint or wallpaper, and fill large holes with filler.
2. Mix the putty Follow the manufacturer"s instructions to mix the putty until it"s smooth and lump-free.
3. Apply the first coat Using a putty knife, spread a thin, even layer of putty over the wall.
4. Let it dry Allow the first coat to dry completely, usually for several hours or overnight.
5. Sand the surface Sand the dried putty lightly with fine-grit sandpaper to smooth out any rough spots.
6. Apply additional coats Repeat the process of applying thin coats and sanding until the wall is smooth and even.
7. Final sanding Give the wall a final sanding to ensure a smooth finish ready for painting or wallpapering.
8. Clean up Remove any dust and debris from sanding before proceeding with painting or wallpapering.

Work tools

To ensure that the process of painting walls is enjoyable, careful planning is required before beginning. In addition to supplies, work requires high-quality instruments.

It is crucial that they are either brand-new or thoroughly cleaned of any putty or other materials (cement, glue, etc.).

mixture capacity

Which tools are required to make putty?

  • A set of spatulas – narrow and wide;
  • Drill for kneading the solution;
  • A container of plastic or metal;
  • Brushes or rollers for priming walls;
  • Level for detection of irregularities;
  • Gloves, protective glasses and a mask to protect the respiratory organs;
  • Sandpaper for aligning the finish surface;

Metal spatula

It takes all of these tools to produce high-quality work.

soil mixture

The choice of putty

Shpaklevka come in different forms: polymer, cement, and gypsum. All the benefits and drawbacks of each working material must be considered before selecting one.


Its strong resistance to moisture is its primary advantage over the others. And a significant amount of shrinkage is the primary disadvantage. It takes a while to dry, and only then can you assess the coating’s performance.

The putty is cement


In contrast to the last option, this putty option is fairly affordable, does not sit down, and is well-aligned during the application process. Poor moisture resistance is one of the drawbacks, though, so you can use this type of putty in any room.

The putty is gypsum


We can say that the first two options are the middle ground. This putty does not shrink and reacts well to moisture. Using this material to surface surfaces is enjoyable. However, because it is so unsatisfactory, many people avoid using it and instead choose more affordable options.

The putty is polymer

One crucial consideration when selecting wall putty is budget. Weighing the advantages and disadvantages is necessary before choosing the finish. If the repair will take a long time, it is best to purchase polymer putty rather than saving money.

Preparation of walls

Many masters skip this step, which costs them later on in the form of material layers coming off and cracks. It’s shoot and redo all over again. And all because the wall had other finishes, dried wallpaper, or dust on it.

The surface must be cleaned and cleared of all debris before applying putty. To improve the material’s clutch on the wall, use a primer.

Think about the procedure step-by-step:

  1. We remove all materials remaining from the previous repair;
  2. Apply two layers of primer;
  3. Let us dry;
  4. We proceed to putty.

Although putty application can be intimidating, anyone can accomplish a smooth finish suitable for painting or wallpapering with the appropriate technique. You can follow along step-by-step with this easy-to-understand tutorial, which will take you from prepping the walls to applying and smoothing the putty. You won’t need to hire pricey contractors to update your walls or give your house a polished appearance thanks to easy-to-follow instructions and practical advice.

Starting putty

The substance is only applied to the surface that has already undergone processing. Putty needs to be diluted with water before being applied to the wall; the manufacturer’s packaging will specify the exact ratios. The area of the wall needs to be smeared after dialing putty on a narrow spatula and following the wide. In order to achieve a medium thickness layer, movements should be swift and center-pressed.

Dry putty

Remember that the beginning putty should have a smooth surface, but tiny tubercles are acceptable. The next layer can then be applied, and finally the finishing putty.

Putty on drywall

This type of wall processing is highly prevalent. One benefit is that the walls don’t have to be precisely aligned in order to apply the finish layer. After the "finish" layer, you must first apply a thin layer of starting putty.

putty on drywall

When working on drywall, one must pay attention to the following phases:

  1. Standard preparation of the solution, kneading (consistency of thick sour cream);
  2. We type the required amount of solution on a narrow spatula;
  3. We transfer a wide tool to the "blade";
  4. With an average pressure, apply the material to the wall;
  5. If necessary, re -align with a wide spatula.

It is important to keep in mind that putty dries much more quickly on drywall walls, so further processing can start as soon as one to two days after applying it.

Finish coating

Once the initial putty layers have completely dried, you can get ready for the finish solution. The "start" and this are carried out using the same principle. There is one unwritten rule, though: fill the container with the necessary amount of water before adding putty. Thus, it will be feasible to prevent exposure to the material.

Applying the finish coating is a fairly easy process:

  1. You need to make sure that there are no lumps in the putty mixture;
  2. After dial the required amount on a narrow spatula;
  3. Transfer to wide;
  4. Evenly apply the composition to the wall;
  5. Several times to put on putty with a wide spatula until the surface is finally leopy.

After the putty has finished drying completely, it must be aligned with sandpaper. After the "finish," if the tubercles are still present, you can apply one more thin layer of putty and allow it to dry. After that, you can begin wall staining.

Although it may seem difficult, anyone can apply putty to walls if they have the right equipment and a little perseverance. You can achieve a smooth, even surface that’s prepared for painting or wallpaper by following a few easy steps. Don’t forget to properly prep your walls, select the appropriate putty, and apply it in thin, even layers.

After the putty has dried, take your time sanding each layer to achieve a perfect finish. You’ll see that this attention to detail pays off in the end. A well-puttied wall offers a strong foundation for a gorgeous, polished finish, regardless of whether you intend to paint or apply wallpaper.

If this isn’t your best attempt, don’t give up. Your technique will get better with each putty job you complete because practice makes perfect. You’ll acquire the confidence to take on even more difficult do-it-yourself projects in the future if you are persistent and patient.

In conclusion, puttying walls is a crucial ability for any do-it-yourselfer or homeowner. It not only makes your house look better, but it also gets the surfaces ready for additional decorating. You’ll be well on your way to learning this important skill if you follow the instructions in this guide.

Video on the topic

How to learn how to putty from scratch for a beginner

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Daria Yakovlev

Interior designer, author of online color design courses. I will help you create a harmonious interior using color.

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