Sticking walls for painting: the main stages and nuances in work

Painting-ready walls are an important stage that can make or break the outcome. Paint that is applied correctly will adhere well and have a glossy, vibrant, and long-lasting appearance. These steps can be rushed or skipped, which can result in uneven color, peeling, and other flaws that take away from the overall finish.

Each of the process’s several major phases has its own set of duties and factors to take into account. Every step, from priming and sanding to cleaning and repairing, needs to be done carefully and precisely. These steps are intended to make the walls flawless and defect-free so that your paint will adhere to them perfectly.

Cleaning the walls completely is one of the first things to do. It is imperative to eliminate all impurities as they may impede paint from adhering correctly, including dust, grease, and grime. This can be accomplished by washing the walls thoroughly and drying them completely after using water and a mild detergent.

It’s crucial to check the walls for flaws, holes, and cracks after that. Once dry, these should be filled with an appropriate filler and sanded smooth. This step is essential to getting a perfect finish because paint can draw attention to even small flaws.

Another crucial stage in wall preparation is priming. A quality primer offers a consistent surface for painting, improves paint adhesion, and can even cover minor flaws. Additionally, it guarantees that the entire wall will have a uniform and vivid paint color.

Sanding the walls finally guarantees a smooth painting surface. To get rid of any uneven or rough spots, lightly sand the entire wall using fine-grit sandpaper. This produces the perfect surface for the paint to adhere to, giving the finish a polished appearance.

You can get a premium paint job that not only looks amazing but also endures over time by carefully following these steps. It is important to remember that proper wall preparation is an investment in the durability and aesthetic appeal of your painted walls.

Stage Description
Surface Preparation Clean the walls thoroughly, removing dust, dirt, and old paint. Fill in any cracks or holes with filler and sand the surface smooth.
Priming Apply a primer to the walls to ensure better adhesion of the paint and to create a uniform base. Allow it to dry completely.
Taping Use painter"s tape to cover edges, trim, and areas that you don"t want to paint. This helps achieve clean lines and prevents paint from bleeding.
Mixing Paint Stir the paint thoroughly to ensure an even color and consistency. Pour it into a paint tray for easy access.
Painting Start painting from the top of the wall and work your way down. Use a brush for edges and a roller for larger areas. Apply even coats and let each coat dry before applying the next.
Cleaning Up Remove painter"s tape while the paint is still slightly wet to avoid peeling. Clean your brushes and rollers immediately after use.

Surface preparation

The following tasks are included in the painting process:

  • Cleaning the walls of the room from old plaster.
  • Alignment of the surface (putty) before painting, consisting of a starting and finish procedure.
  • Direct painting walls.

The old plaster needs to be removed as the first step in the cleaning process. Everything that was on the wall, including the paint, wallpaper, and tiles, needs to be cleaned in the designated areas with a firm spatula. It is preferable to seal off and reduce any significant lumps, fissures, or bulges in the wall.

In order to prevent an electric shock, you should exercise caution when cleaning the walls in areas where wiring may be present.

It is advised to pre-treat with a primer that has good penetrating ability and antibacterial additives for improved adhesion to the wall surface. Fungicides combined with specific antifungal compositions are occasionally used. Using a brush or roller to accomplish this is simple. Usually, the packaging for primer solutions indicates the drying time, which is roughly six hours. We then go straight on to plastering the walls; however, we must explain in more detail how to putty all of the bumps.

Putty work

Putty is made up of smaller particles, whereas plaster is a layer of relatively large particles on the wall’s surface. There are multiple layers created during installation, and each one needs to thoroughly dry after work. Following the application of each layer, the primer is applied, the surface is ground, and then the subsequent layer. Work like this can take several days.

Painting walls requires puttying them down to provide a smooth surface that will allow paint to adhere properly. Typically, three layers are needed to create a smooth surface, but skilled artisans can use as many as five or six.

It is advised to use a net grinder with 2 mm cells for putty procedures. This grinder should be glued to the surface beforehand.

Preparation of tools

DIY wall installation requires using your hands and certain tools, such as those for painting the walls.

  • For primer: a wide brush and a roller;
  • To mix the putty mixture, it is better to stock up on a special mixer;
  • spatulas and grouting mesh (better fine -grained).

Select the primary implements (spatulas) required in multiple sizes simultaneously. 50–60 cm is the width of the large one, 25 cm is the middle one (used to work in the corners), and 5–10 cm is the small one (for access to uncomfortable places and for embarrassing errors).

Corners can occasionally be treated with a corner spatula. They can put their putty conveniently because the planes are fairly even.

Stage starting putty

Applying the basic putty, or gypsum, with the addition of particular additives is the first step. We’ll go into more detail so you can understand how to hang the walls correctly before painting them:

1. The technique for the walls is as follows: use a wide spatula to apply a layer of basic putty that is that thick to cover up any surface bulges and hollows (usually 3–12 mm).

2. Using a second tiny spatula, remove any excess putty that has been applied and smeared on the wall. The size of this tool generally determines how quickly work is completed; the wider the spatula (30–40 cm), the faster the work will proceed.

3. It is preferable to avoid creating layers between a newly applied plaster layer and one that has already dried up in order to save time. The next layer can be applied to partially plowed walls without waiting for them to completely dry. Each layer is also not required in this instance. The number of irregularities on the wall will determine how many layers of putty need to be applied.

4. Rough, coarse-grained sandpaper or grinding is used to create the grout for the initial layer once it has dried, which typically takes 6 to 8 hours.

How to properly install the walls is shown in the video.


On top of the base, painting finish putty is applied to create a flawless, level surface that is ready for coloring. Generally, the finish layer is 2 mm thinner, and the technique used to prepare walls for painting is a little bit different:

1. Almost all of the mass that is smeared along the wall needs to be cleaned, leaving just a thin layer that will cover minor imperfections.

2. The quantity of finish layers is determined by the quality of the wall’s initial putty. A bright spotlight installed with its beam of light falling at an angle is one way to check the surface’s levelness before staining.

3. An abrasive fine-mesh mesh is used to clean the wall’s imperfections. Dust (using a vacuum cleaner or cloth) must then be removed, primer must be applied, and the wall must be allowed to dry.

4. The walls are ready for painting after putty.

It should be noted that every layer should air dry. Shedding and cracking can result from using heaters and fans.

Completely level the ceiling and walls in the video.

To guarantee a smooth, durable finish, there are several important steps involved in preparing walls for painting. To start, give the surface a thorough cleaning to get rid of any grease, dust, or dirt. After using spackling paste to seal any holes or cracks, sand the surface to give it a smooth finish. Use a primer to seal any stains and improve paint adhesion. Lastly, to protect areas you don’t want to paint, tape off corners and edges. It will be easier to paint and have a more polished appearance if these details are paid attention to.

Additional recommendations

A novice who installs the walls by hand will do it flawlessly because the technology of painting walls demands expertise and experience. But by being aware of these subtleties, you can improve the caliber of your work:

  • When preparing the mixture, it should be borne in mind that it dries quickly (45-60 minutes.), so breeding more than 5 kg immediately inappropriate.
  • The mixture is divorced only in clean dishes.
  • First, the putty composition is taken with a small spatula and is superimposed on a large one, then on the wall surface.
  • There are several ways of putty: horizontal, vertical, “bouquet”, “Christmas tree”, “zigzag”.
  • The methods of tilting the spatula for a more even layer on the wall are selected on our own, the main goal is to smear all the hollows.
  • To check the surface plane, the applied metal rule is used, which can be highlighted for accuracy with a flashlight. He will highlight all the errors that can be cut off with a sharp edge of the spatula.
  • Scratches from a spatula need to be subsequently darkened with a finish layer.
  • Corners should be aligned with an angular spatula.
  • The surface of the surface is done either with a grinding machine or a net, after which it is better to sprinkle the wall and primed.
  • All tools and dishes after work must be washed and wiped dry.

Painting walls is a critical step in achieving a seamless, expert finish. You can get outstanding results by adhering to the main steps and paying close attention to important details. The walls must be completely cleaned in order to get rid of any dust, grime, or outdated paint. This helps your new paint stick better by creating a clean canvas for it.

Next, look for any holes, cracks, or other flaws in the walls. To fix these areas, make sure the surface is smooth and even by using putty or filler. After filler application, sanding the walls facilitates a seamless transition between the patched areas and the surrounding wall. Remember to blow out any remaining sanding dust.

Putting primer on is the next crucial step. An even base for the color is provided, improved durability and improved paint adhesion are all ensured by a high-quality primer. It is crucial to select the appropriate primer for the type of wall you have, be it plaster, drywall, or surfaces that have already been painted.

Lastly, use the proper instruments and methods to apply the paint. Use reputable rollers and brushes, and apply light, even coats of paint. Let every coat completely dry before adding the next. Long-lasting outcomes and a consistent finish are made possible by this procedure.

To summarize, thorough wall preparation entails meticulous cleaning, repairs, priming, and painting. Every step is necessary and influences how your paint job will look and hold up in the end. It is possible to ensure that your painted walls will remain elegant and well-maintained for many years by taking the time to properly prepare.

Video on the topic

Wall putty. All stages. Alteration of Khrushchev from A to Me #20

Walls and ceiling. Labbation. Mistakes. Tricks. #34

Basic errors when putting walls and ceiling. #35

We put it down twice in one day! Subtleties, the nuances of the finish putty!

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Daria Yakovlev

Interior designer, author of online color design courses. I will help you create a harmonious interior using color.

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