How to glue tiles in the bathroom? Stages and advice from masters

While installing tiles in a bathroom may seem like a difficult undertaking, anyone can complete the project with the correct help and a little perseverance. Whether you’re starting from scratch or updating an outdated look, knowing the procedure and listening to professional guidance will guarantee that your tiles are firmly affixed and precisely aligned. Let’s dissect the procedures and offer advice from seasoned pros to help you accomplish a faultless finish.

When it comes to tiling, preparation is everything. Make sure your bathroom walls are smooth, dry, and clean before you even pick up your tiles and adhesive. Dirt, old paint, and uneven surfaces can all interfere with the adhesion of your tiles and cause problems later on. The tiling process will go much more smoothly and produce more durable results if you take the time to properly prepare your space.

Selecting the appropriate adhesive is also essential. For a long-lasting bond, choose the tile adhesive that best fits your particular tiles and bathroom conditions. There are several types of tile adhesives available. You can avoid future headaches and make sure your tiles stay in place for years to come by speaking with an expert or researching the best adhesive for your specific tiles.

It’s time to begin tiling as soon as your surface has been prepared and you have the necessary supplies. To ensure a balanced look and minimize cuts, start by planning the layout. Maintaining uniform gaps between tiles is crucial for both practical and aesthetic reasons, and spacers can help with this. Take your time making sure all of the tiles are level and aligned as you apply the adhesive and place them in their proper locations.

The last and most important stage in the tiling process is grouting. Grout is required to seal the surface and keep moisture from penetrating behind the tiles after the adhesive has dried and filled the spaces between them. The appearance of your tiled surface can be improved by selecting the appropriate grout color, and careful application will guarantee a long-lasting, water-resistant finish.

Installing tiles in your bathroom can be a rewarding do-it-yourself project if you prepare carefully, have the right supplies, and pay close attention to detail. By following these steps and taking the guidance of skilled tilers, you can create a gorgeous and useful tiled surface that improves the appearance and functionality of your bathroom.

Stage Advice from Masters
Preparation Ensure the surface is clean and dry. Remove any old tiles or debris.
Planning Measure the area and plan the layout of your tiles. Cut tiles to fit if needed.
Applying Adhesive Spread tile adhesive evenly on a small section of the wall with a notched trowel.
Placing Tiles Press tiles firmly into the adhesive, using spacers to maintain even gaps.
Grouting Once the adhesive is dry, apply grout to the gaps between tiles using a grout float.
Cleaning Wipe off excess grout with a damp sponge before it dries completely.
Sealing After the grout has set, apply a sealer to protect the grout and tiles.
Final Inspection Check for any gaps or loose tiles and make necessary adjustments.

What materials and tools will be required?

You must get the following tools ready before you glue tiles in the bathroom:

  • Two spatulas. Toothed (used to process the surface with an adhesive composition), rubberized (with its help, grout is applied).
  • Pencil, roulette, construction level.
  • Cutting device.
  • Drill for drilling technological holes in the material.
  • Crosses (installed in the seams to ensure the evenness of installation).

Crucial! Prior to adhering the tile to the wall, you must purchase the adhesive mixture, grout, profile, and composition for priming the draft surface.

Surface preparation

It is vital to begin surface preparation—which starts with removing any outdated paint or other materials—even before adhering flooring or wall tiles. The old coating is removed using a variety of tools, such as solvents, hammers, chisels, and perforators.

Crucial! If the wall had wallpaper in the past, it has been entirely removed, leaving not even the tiniest remnants. If not, even with the best adhesive composition, it will be challenging to glue the cladding.

The application of primer is the second step in surface preparation.

Prior to applying ceramic tiles to the wall, plow work is required because the primer material will prevent moisture from the solution from seeping through the side of the draft surface. Additionally, the primer has some antiseptic properties.

Alignment and priming walls

It’s important to keep in mind that only perfectly level surfaces can be mounted on tile products when discussing the correct way to glue tiles. Usually, the irregularity of the wall is discovered after the old coating is removed. It needs to be fixed before any work is started. Rotband is a putty material that is commonly used and is applied to the reinforcing mesh with a metal spatula.

The following is how the work is completed:

  1. The surface is primed, after which a putty material is applied to it with a layer of 10-12 mm.
  2. After that, a reinforcing mesh is installed.
  3. Then you need to wait for the applied putty to completely dry.
  4. Next, putty material is re -applied.

Crucial! You must wait for a layer of putty or primer to dry out before beginning any more work. If not, eventually the entire structure may collapse.

Walls frequently need more waterproofing and insulation. You can use thin OSB or chipboard sheets as insulation.

Putty material is applied to them after they have been primed and mounted. A waterproofing layer made of a unique film is also created if necessary.

Selection of layout

Selecting a plan for the installation process is necessary before installing porcelain tiles on the floor or adhering tiles in a bathroom.

There are various methods to lay:

  • Standard. For this, tile material of the usual rectangular or square shape is used. Laying is carried out in even rows, nothing shifts in the process of installation.

  • Brickwork. Square or rectangular products are selected again. If you glue them like this, then you need to shift the rows relative to each other in a horizontal plane (as when laying brick walls).

  • Diagonal. Square products are taken, which are laid at an angle of 45 O relative to the wall. The option is very interesting, but requires increased consumption of material for cutting.

  • "Christmas tree". This scheme is used when laying a parquet floor. The drawing is beautiful, but the cost of the material is also quite high.

  • Modular. Choosing this scheme to glue ceramic tiles on the wall, you can use the tile cladding of any type. It is necessary to develop a drawing in advance, according to which styling will be carried out (a multiple repetition of the same drawing is assumed).

Crucial! The more tile cladding that needs to be purchased and sent to marriage, the more intricate the styling scheme.


Tiles and other tile materials on the wall or floor may only be adhered to after the surface to be treated has been marked, per the regulations. Working with high-quality work won’t work without preliminary markup. The construction level, meter, ruler, and pencil are used for marking.

The subsequent stages of work are assumed to be:

  1. They usually begin to marry from the lower row (optimal – start with the second). The 1st row is mounted after the end of laying tiles on the floor.
  2. Using the construction level, it is necessary to note the location of the 2nd row of tiles with a pencil. After, the rail is fixed (it is required that the tile does not move out).
  3. Then the tile placement scheme is created, taking into account all functional and decorative elements on the walls. This will avoid serious mistakes when laying.

Crucial! Cut pieces should be placed in the room’s least noticeable corner if you’re worried that there won’t be enough tile and you’ll need to trim. As a result, begin adhering the tiles in the bathroom’s most visible corner.

How to dilute glue?

You must first prepare a glue solution before adhering the tile to glue.

Typically, the following adhesive formulations are utilized:

  • Cement. The traditional option. Its preparation is carried out according to the recommendations of the manufacturer on the package (a dry mixture must be mixed with a certain amount of water).
  • Two -component. Such an adhesive composition must be prepared a few minutes before starting to glue the tile. To do this, mix two components of the adhesive composition, they react and ultimately gets ready to use glue.
  • Pasty. Specialized adhesive compounds that remain raw for a long time, so during installation work you can not rush.

Crucial! When working with two-component adhesives, you have to work quickly and prepare a small amount of glue at a time to avoid the glue drying out and losing its properties.

The main reason dry adhesive compounds are so popular is their low cost. You can’t glue tile products on perfectly level surfaces with their assistance because a thick layer of adhesive solution will also lift the wall. A well-prepared, high-quality cement mixture can maintain the finish in place for 20 to 30 years.

The use of liquid nails is also common. Acrylic liquid nails are the recommended option for bathroom work. Only when it is certain that the least amount of water will fall on the lined surface can such adhesive compounds be used. It is advised to select alternative adhesive compounds in any other case.

Seldom are universal solutions used for tile adhesive. Because these compounds are not strong enough to support heavy loads and are not very resistant to moisture, it is advisable to spend more money on specialty glue that can be used in bathrooms and for gluing tile cladding.

Gluing tiles in the bathroom involves several key stages to ensure a durable and professional finish. Begin by preparing the surface, making sure it is clean, dry, and level. Next, plan your tile layout to avoid awkward cuts and ensure a balanced look. Apply the adhesive evenly, starting from the bottom and working your way up, placing spacers between tiles for uniform gaps. Once all tiles are in place and the adhesive has set, remove spacers and apply grout, filling in the gaps and wiping away excess with a damp sponge. Finally, seal the grout to protect against moisture. These steps, combined with expert tips, will help you achieve a beautiful, lasting result.

Laying tiles

You can glue the tile to the surface after deciding on its placement and getting the glue ready.

Walls of walls and floor tiles

The following order is followed when performing the work:

  1. The glue is applied to the wall with a gear spatula. The thickness of the applied adhesive must correspond to the sizes of the spatula teeth.

2. You must place a little support on the floor and begin working from the lower row. The first tile’s lower portion needs to be supported by the support while the product is leaned against the glue that has been applied. Avoid applying too much pressure.

3. You must verify that each product is installed correctly after adhering to it. If there are any flaws, they must be fixed right away because trying to fix them later will not be effective.

4. Using plastic crosses is highly advised. When installing tile trim, you can precisely measure the seam’s width with their assistance.

5. A rubber hammer can be used to change the depth at which products are laid.

You must stop working and wait for the glue to completely dry after adhering the first row of tiles. While you wait, you can finally move the products around, take the glue off the front of the tile, and use the construction level to check that the row is level throughout.

You can proceed to adhere a second row of tiles to the wall once the glue composition has solidified. It’s also a good idea to take a brief break after finishing the second row to allow the adhesive composition to grab.

You must rest briefly after every row.

Cutting and installation of scraps

After processing the wall’s entire surface with tile trim, there’s a good chance that some spots will still be too small for solid tiles to fit. Such areas make use of scraps.

It is advised to use a tile cutter to cut tiles (alternative options – a grinder, glass cutter). All required measurements must be taken prior to the sharp, accounting for the thickness of the resulting seam.

Crucial! The material will be very dusty if you use a grinder to cut it.

As previously mentioned, the areas of the bathroom that are least visible are the ones where trimming should be placed (for example, behind the laundry machine, behind the linen basket, next to the plumbing fixtures, etc.). Consequently, you must begin applying glue tile cladding from the angles in the room that are the most noticeable (usually the ones that are directly across from the door).

Grout of the seams

After installing all of the tiles and scraps, you will need to wait until the adhesive solution dries completely, which should take two to three days on average.

The guide offers advice on how to glue ceiling skirting boards, including features of the glue, types of freezes, and thorough instructions for novices.

Following the solution’s drying, fugging is carried out using various grout types or a specific grouting pasta:

  • Cement.
  • Epoxy.
  • Silicone.
  • Polymer, etc.D.

The owner’s personal preferences and the amount of free money left over after the repair will determine the type of grout used. The simplest cement grouts require mixing with water prior to use. Silicone and epoxy can be used right away. You can select the grouting composition that best suits the tile and the bathroom’s design because each one is represented in a variety of color shades.

Here’s how the grout around the seams is worked on:

  1. First, the front part of the tile material and the seams themselves are cleaned from any pollution and dust.
  2. Then, if a grout based on epoxy or silicone is used, the edges of the products are glued with construction tape (otherwise it will be difficult to wash off the grout from the front of the tile).
  3. The grout itself, regardless of the type, is applied by a spatula.
  4. First you need to place a little grout in the seam, deepen it, then insert the spatula across the seam and remove the remains, which will allow you to leve and deepen the seam.
  5. After the grout dries completely, it is necessary to remove the tape.

You can use your finger to do all grouting if you don’t have a spatula. Wearing a rubber glove and using your finger to push the grout straight into the seam while gradually removing everything are the necessary steps for this task. The technique is straightforward and, when used accurately, yields good results.

Although it may seem difficult, you can confidently take on the task of adhering tiles in your bathroom with the appropriate strategy and professional advice. For optimal adhesion, make sure your surface is smooth, dry, and clean. To make things go more smoothly, gather all of your supplies and tools before you begin.

Establish a sound plan first. In order to reduce tile cuts and guarantee a symmetrical finish, carefully measure your area and decide on the layout. Using a notched trowel, evenly apply adhesive, then precisely place each tile, leaving a consistent gap between each one using spacers. Take your time; precision in this area lays the groundwork for a polished appearance.

Give the adhesive enough time to cure after the tiles are set before grouting. Not only does grouting close up the spaces, but it also strengthens and beautifies your tiled surface. For a smooth finish, use a damp sponge to remove any excess grout after applying it with a rubber float and working it into the gaps. By sealing the grout, you can extend the life of your work by shielding it from stains and moisture.

Your bathroom tiling project can succeed if you follow these guidelines and get professional advice. Your greatest assets are patience and attention to detail. Recall that careful planning and execution guarantee a stunning, long-lasting outcome that raises the value and appeal of your house.

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Daria Yakovlev

Interior designer, author of online color design courses. I will help you create a harmonious interior using color.

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