Composition, characteristics and use of oil-cell putty

A versatile substance frequently used in a variety of painting and renovation projects is oil-cell putty. Due to its composition and properties, it is the material of choice for patching holes, fissures, and other imperfections in various surfaces prior to painting. Professional painters as well as do-it-yourself enthusiasts can benefit greatly from understanding its composition, behavior, and applications.

The main ingredients of oil-cell putty are calcium carbonate, linseed oil, and additional additives. Its special qualities—such as adhesion, flexibility, and ease of application—come from this combination. In contrast to certain other kinds of putty, oil-cell putty is flexible for a longer amount of time, enabling adjustments and fine-tuning while applying.

The outstanding adherence of oil-cell putty to a variety of surfaces, such as metal, masonry, and wood, is one of its primary qualities. This makes it appropriate for repairing wooden furniture, caulking wall cracks, and priming surfaces for painting. Its strong adhesion guarantees a solid bond and long-lasting repairs and finishes.

Furthermore, after curing, oil-cell putty is renowned for its flexibility. This makes it perfect for use in locations subject to temperature swings or structural changes because it can tolerate small movements and vibrations without breaking or crumbling. Because of its flexibility, repairs and finishes can be created with greater ease and blending in with the surrounding surfaces.

To achieve professional-quality results, it is crucial to comprehend the composition, characteristics, and proper application of oil-cell putty, regardless of whether you are an experienced painter or a do-it-yourself enthusiast taking on home improvement projects. We’ll go more into each facet of this adaptable material in the sections that follow, offering advice and insights to help you maximize its qualities for your projects.

Composition An oil-cell putty typically consists of linseed oil, calcium carbonate (chalk), and sometimes pigment for color.
Characteristics It has a smooth texture and can be easily molded into shape. Once dried, it forms a hard surface that can be sanded down for a smooth finish.
Use Oil-cell putty is commonly used for filling gaps, cracks, and imperfections in woodwork and other surfaces before painting.

This article delves into the realm of oil-cell putty, examining its composition, distinct qualities, and numerous paintwork applications. We share the details of this indispensable substance for painting projects, from its smooth consistency and effortless application to its oil and filler blend. Gaining knowledge about the characteristics and applications of oil-cell putty can improve your painting skills and produce results that look professional, regardless of your level of experience.

Description of the material

A pasty substance called oil putty is used to align different building bases prior to finishing. It is a thick, viscous mass made up of different modifying additives and binders.

Oil-roof putty is frequently used for final work and construction because it is regarded as a universal and multipurpose tool. She easily removes unevenness and seals small chips, cracks, holes, and potholes. She dries fast, is non-toxic, and safe for people to use.

The composition of the putty

The foundation of adhesive putty is CMC glue, which contains carboxymethyl cellulose. It is known as oil because olifa, or vegetable oil that has undergone a particular heat treatment, is the second most significant component of the mass. Putty could also consist of the following elements:

  • acrylates;
  • plasticizers;
  • pigments to give color;
  • ground chalk;
  • water;
  • hardeners;
  • modifiers;
  • sequcathives to accelerate drying;
  • thickeners;
  • antiseptics;
  • fungicides.

The putty’s precise makeup varies depending on the manufacturer and brand. Although it may vary, the base usually doesn’t.

Characteristics of the material

Putty called Masly-Glow is used for interior work. The following are the construction mixture’s average technical characteristics:

  • appearance – pasty mass of white, grayish or yellowish in color without extraneous impurities, with a homogeneous texture;
  • The proportion of the dry residue is 68-80%;
  • Recommended layer thickness-1-2 mm;
  • consumption at a layer thickness of 1 mm-0.8-1.5 kg/sq. m;
  • Inter-layer drying time-3-4 hours, final drying period-24 hours.

Putty needs to be kept above freezing in dependable closed packaging. Depending on the brand, the expiration date can range from six to twelve months. The material can freeze up to -25 degrees on one occasion.

Advantages and disadvantages

Oil putty is frequently used in finishing work because of its many advantageous qualities:

  1. Simplicity of use. The mixture is realized in the finished form, it does not need to be diluted, knead. The putty is quite plastic, so it is easily leveled over the surface, while it does not flow, does not roll.
  2. Low price. Compared to prices for other ready -made mixtures (acrylic, latex, polymer), the material is very inexpensive. Wall decoration of oil-cell putty will not cause a serious increase in repair costs, especially taking into account its minimum consumption.
  3. Great grip level. The construction mixture is characterized by excellent adhesion to most bases, including concrete, brick, wood.
  4. Fast drying. The speed of evaporation of moisture and final hardening in adhesive putty is quite high, which significantly reduces the repair time and accelerates the possibility of the start of decorative decoration.
  5. Long service life. With neat handling, the applied putty is durable, it reliably protects the walls from damage, strengthening the upper layer of the coating.
  6. Safety. The material does not contain harmful components, it is considered environmentally friendly and non -toxic. Only in some cases, if there are technical purposes in the composition of olifa, there may be a chemical smell that quickly disappears when the room is ventilated. In any case, there are no organic solvents and phenol in their putty, so it does not harm health.
  7. An extensive area of ​​application. Oil putty has excellent technical characteristics and is suitable for both the leveling of the walls and for the sealing of various defects of the base.

The material’s drawbacks should also be taken into account, as in certain situations they may be substantial and severely restrict the use of putty. Therefore, it is definitely not appropriate for outdoor work. This is brought on by the composition’s instability in the presence of high humidity, precipitation, and direct water contact. Putty shouldn’t be used in areas with high mechanical loads because of its poor strength, inability to withstand blows, and frequent, intense friction.

The material’s shelf life is likewise regarded as brief. Its plasticity also diminishes with prolonged storage, so by the time the expiration date approaches, it can be divided and applied less effectively. The oil-roof putty has strict application requirements as well. It can only be used in an environment with air temperatures between +10 and +15 degrees, ideally at +20 and +22 degrees, and humidity levels between 65-70%. The following list includes additional product drawbacks:

  • poor compatibility with other finish putty;
  • the impossibility of gluing tiles, wooden and plastic panels on the putty layer;
  • Destruction under the influence of wind, ultraviolet radiation.

The purpose of the material

You can use oil-cell putty to align surfaces made of different materials:

  • wood;
  • plaster;
  • concrete;
  • brick;
  • drywall;
  • glass;
  • metal.

The burned surfaces can be covered with wallpaper or stained with water-soluble paints, oil paints, nitro paints, and enamels once they have dried.

Scope of use

The material can be used to complete the finishing touches on walls, ceilings, and other surfaces and structures that will be decorated decoratively. Applying this putty to the walls before painting is especially efficient. When repairing and restoring wooden window blocks and furniture, the mixture is also used to remove flaws from the processed areas.

You can use oil-roof putty in offices, hotels, shops, apartments, and other places (subject to moderate mechanical loads).

Breeding and applying putty

It’s important to familiarize yourself with safety regulations before handling putty. The mass of the mass is performed in a room with good ventilation, but no drafts are assumed. Gloves are worn during all actions to protect the hands, and a respirator is used when grinding. You shouldn’t work close to open fire sources because oil compositions can catch fire.

Surface preparation for work

Because the base preparation process can be time-consuming, it is done even before the putty can is opened. After the masses have waited, cracks and other flaws that are deeper than 4 mm are plastered separately. To increase the putty’s strength of adhesion, fat, oil, dirt, dust, and pollution are cleaned off of walls and other surfaces.

If any areas are rough or lumpy, they are taken out and covered with plaster. When a масляной краской стена покрыта, ее очищаят при помощи грубой шкурки, затем стирают пыль влажной тряпкой, дают поверхности просохнуть. Following the completion of the preliminary phase, the primer is applied to the base as a defense against the fungus, and it is then allowed to dry. Latex diluted with water or ready-made compounds purchased from suppliers are used as primers (6: 1).

Necessary tools

You’ll need the following basic tools and gadgets for work:

  1. Spatulas. The material is applied to the wall with a large spatula and rubbed it, small ones are collected from the can and process hard -to -reach places. The corner spatula is finished by external and internal corners.
  2. Wooden wand. Used to mix putty just before work.
  3. Sandpaper or construction grater. Help in the wiping of the surface after the putty dries.
  4. Convenient capacity. If the putty is bought in a large package, it is better to put it in portions to the jar, bucket. Otherwise, the bulk can dry out and be covered with a crust.

Application of the composition

The mass is evenly distributed after the can is opened. An Oliphi can be used to dilute the mixture to the appropriate consistency if it is getting close to its expiration date or if it seems too thick. Using a metal or rubber spatula, the material is applied to the walls or other surfaces in a layer no thicker than 2 mm. Only in areas with irregularities is an excess of this figure possible.

They begin using sandpaper or a grater to grind the surface after roughly 7-8 hours. The coating will become completely strong in a day, making wall grinding impossible. Rework should be done within 3–4 hours of the first layer’s application date if a second layer of material is required.

Polishing and disclosing the coating beforehand are the only things that matter. The walls must be primed once more before applying decorative finishes because otherwise, oil stains may appear on them.

One of the most useful and adaptable materials in the painting industry is oil-cell putty. Its composition, which is usually a mixture of calcium carbonate, linseed oil, and other additives, gives it special qualities that allow it to be used in a variety of ways. It is perfect for filling gaps, cracks, and surface imperfections in masonry, metal, and wood due to its pliability and adhesive qualities.

The simplicity of application of oil-cell putty is one of its best qualities. Its smooth consistency makes application easy for both professional painters and do-it-yourself enthusiasts, guaranteeing a flawless finish. It is easily formed and molded to match the curves of any surface, offering a stable foundation for further finishing or painting.

In addition to being useful, oil-cell putty is long-lasting and durable. It creates a solid bond with the substrate after application and drying, preventing it from shrinking or cracking over time. Because of their resilience, the repaired areas are protected from other types of damage and moisture infiltration while maintaining their integrity.

Moreover, oil-cell putty’s usefulness goes beyond superficial fixes. It can be seamlessly integrated into a variety of painting projects due to its compatibility with different types of paint. Decorative or functional applications, interior or exterior surfaces—oil-cell putty is a dependable partner that improves the overall quality and durability of the finish.

Finally, oil-cell putty is a mainstay in the painter’s toolbox because it combines durability, adaptability, and practicality. Its composition and properties make it the material of choice for surface filling and repair, and its user-friendly nature guarantees accessibility for both experts and amateurs. Oil-cell putty is an essential tool for achieving perfect finishes and extending the life of surfaces because of its ability to blend in seamlessly with a variety of painting projects.

Video on the topic

Fatfish without grinding + PVA in Satengips! All the subtleties of the process

Applying the base layer!We use the rule and material from @danogips7574 Jet 5 putty.

What color, in your opinion, is able to make a person happier?
Share to friends
Daria Yakovlev

Interior designer, author of online color design courses. I will help you create a harmonious interior using color.

Rate author
Add a comment