What solvents can be diluted with different types of colors?

The quality of your painting project can be greatly impacted by selecting the appropriate solvent for your paint. In order to thin paints, ensure smooth application, and achieve the desired finish, solvents are essential. But with so many different kinds of paint on the market, it can be hard to figure out which solvent works best for a given paint type.

Water is the primary solvent for paints that are water-based, like acrylic and latex paints. These paints are well-liked because they are simple to use, dry quickly, and have little smell. Water-based paints are perfect for interior walls and ceilings because they can be diluted with the appropriate amount of water to achieve a smoother texture and better coverage.

Conversely, stronger solvents like turpentine or mineral spirits are required for oil-based paints. The paint’s oils are efficiently broken down by these solvents, enabling a uniform application. Because of their reputation for longevity and glossy sheen, oil-based paints are ideal for furniture, trim work, and high-traffic areas.

You’ll need particular solvents, like xylene or acetone, when working with specialty paints, like epoxy or polyurethane. These solvents guarantee that the paint keeps its special qualities, like hardness and chemical resistance. For these paints to work as intended and last as long as possible, the right solvent must be used.

You can paint more successfully and efficiently if you know which solvent to use with different kinds of paint. You can make sure that your paint applies smoothly, adheres well, and provides the best possible finish by choosing the right solvent.

Type of Paint Solvent
Oil-Based Paint Turpentine or Mineral Spirits
Latex Paint Water
Lacquer Lacquer Thinner
Epoxy Acetone
Enamel Mineral Spirits
Acrylic Water or Acrylic Medium

Types of coloring materials

This is the primary determinant of the paint solvent that can be utilized.

Acrylic enamel

Consists of multiple parts. It is combined with a hardener and diluted to the appropriate consistency with diluent before painting. Adequate solvents for its propagation:

  • R-12;
  • 650 (soft enough, therefore suitable for many dyes);
  • 651.

The diluting agent should not make up more than 10% to 15% of the total volume. When purchasing from a specialist, the precise consumption needs to be specified.

Alkyd enamel

This versatile material can be used as a primer to prevent rusting as well as for painting surfaces made of different materials.

  • toluene;
  • xylol;
  • P4;
  • white spite (it is better to use the art scores, since the usual may contain impurities that fall in the precipitate).

It should be mentioned that certain alkyd enamel types, such as PF-15 and "Extra," do not need to be diluted. Alkyd enamel can be substituted with oil-fluid enamel. Its properties are comparable to those of the PF-115, but it doesn’t smell strongly. This variety resists the effects of chemicals and the atmosphere, has vivid colors, and excellent consumption.


For this version of the paint, any kind of solvent will work, but it’s best to use the one that the manufacturer suggests. It should be noted that the 646th is a very aggressive type of dilution and should be used carefully when breeding nitroemaly. It is also suitable for the soil.

Water -based paint

Water, alcohol, or ether can all be used to dilute a water-based emulsion. It is crucial to keep in mind that the water needs to be distilled because regular water, even when it is fresh, contains a lot of salt-based impurities, which can cause a white coating to dry out. Before diluting the full volume, it is important to make sure that alcohol and coloring materials are compatible. If the tested paint does not curl after being bred with alcohol, the substances are compatible, and this diluent can be used.

To be content ↑


Soil serves as the filler, and the preparatory material should be properly diluted just as much as the coating that will be applied afterwards. The primary function of the soil is to even out the surface’s microneedlings prior to painting, which is not only required when the surface is stained but also provides additional rust protection.

A second layer will need to be applied, increasing consumption, if the soil film is too thin to completely cover all imperfections and voids. If the soil is too dense, it will not be able to fill in the surface irregularities and will instead penetrate and protect against rust. A shagren will form as a result of the material starting to exfoliate and becoming unable to work out; this will require grinding to remove.

Solvents suitable for soil application:

  • solvent;
  • xylol;
  • A mixture of solvent or xylola with white spirit.

It should be noted that one component soil receives 20% of the diluent, while two component soils receive the manufacturer’s recommended dilution ratios (2 kg to 1 kg, 3 kg to 1 kg, etc.D.).

To achieve the appropriate consistency, application, and finish, it is essential to select the appropriate solvent when diluting various paint types. A particular solvent is needed for each type of paint, whether it is enamel, latex, oil-based, or acrylic, in order to achieve the best results. Knowing which solvents are ideal for a given paint type not only improves the paint job’s quality but also helps avoid common problems like clumping, uneven application, and inadequate drying times. With the aid of this guide, you can make sure that your projects turn out well and professionally by understanding the various solvents and how well they work with different paint types.

Selecting the appropriate solvent for your paint is crucial to attaining the intended finish and guaranteeing the durability of your creation. There are particular solvents that complement the chemical makeup of each type of paint the best. Using the right solvents will help your painting process run more smoothly and effectively.

Turpentine and mineral spirits are frequently used for oil-based paints. Without compromising the paint’s durability or color quality, these solvents thin the paint and clean brushes. Water is the ideal diluting agent for water-based paints, like acrylics and latex, which makes them easier to clean up and more environmentally friendly.

Certain solvents that are suggested by the manufacturer are necessary for specialty paints such as epoxy and polyurethane. These paints have special qualities, and for the best application and finish, it’s important to use the right solvent. To ensure compatibility, always refer to the paint label for recommended solvents.

By being aware of how different paints and their solvents interact, common problems like uneven drying, uneven texture, and poor adhesion can be avoided. Selecting the right solvent can improve your paint’s performance as well as expedite the painting process, making it less laborious and more pleasurable.

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Maria Vlasova

Chemist-technologist, expert on paint and varnish materials. I will help you figure out the compositions of paints, their characteristics and choose the best option for your purposes.

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