How to use hammer in metal paint

Painting metal surfaces can be difficult, especially if you want the finish to be both beautiful and long-lasting. Hammer finish metal paint is a great way to achieve both durability and a distinctive appearance. This kind of paint leaves a textured look that mimics hammered metal in addition to offering a strong coating. It’s ideal for applying a chic and protective coating to a variety of metal items, such as industrial machinery and garden furniture.

Hammer finish metal paint is a specially blended paint that provides excellent resistance to rust and corrosion and conceals imperfections on metal surfaces. Not only does the unique hammered effect add visual appeal, but it’s also a popular option for both decorative and functional uses. Whether you’re painting metal equipment or working on a do-it-yourself project, knowing how to apply this paint correctly will help you get the best results.

It’s important to properly prepare your metal surface before beginning. To guarantee the paint sticks well and endures longer, this requires washing, sanding, and priming. Once the surface is prepared, getting the desired hammered effect requires careful paint application. Whether you use a brush, roller, or spray can will affect the process slightly, but the general ideas are always the same.

We’ll walk you through every step of applying hammer finish metal paint in this article. You will discover how to apply techniques that will yield a long-lasting and visually appealing finish on your metal projects, starting with surface preparation. These pointers will help you become an expert user of hammer finish metal paint, regardless of your level of experience with do-it-yourself projects.

What is hammer paint

The material’s relief texture, which resembled coinage, gave rise to its name. Another name for it is enamel blacksmithing. made in banks and spray cans.

Characteristics of the composition

  1. Nitro -cellulose, alkyd, epoxy or acrylic enamel. This is the basis of paint.
  2. Aluminum flakes and low -powered powder (non -compliance), glass crumb, zinc phosphate, organic compounds based on silicon: silicone oil, petroleum jelly, rubber. This is a filler acting as a drawing.
  3. Mineral or organic pigment to give color.
  4. Solvents – keton and paraffin compounds.

In addition to adding strength to the coating, aluminum filler modifies surface tension when combined with organic additives. The external film’s curvature causes a hammer effect to form as a result.

Aluminum must rest closer to the substrate (i.e., not pop up) in order to retain its integrity. He is degraded as a result.

Other than the elements mentioned above. They are mostly employed by manufacturers to advertise products on the market; they have no effect on the features.

The scope of application

Hamper enamel was developed for challenging operational circumstances. She’s been painted:

  1. Production and laboratory equipment, exposed to chemical and mechanical factors, vibration, temperature and humidity drops.
  2. Industrial structures located on the street.
  3. Funds of transport.

Hammer enamels were used as a decorative coating "not for its intended purpose" due to their non-standard appearance. She is tarnished by safes, art-forging objects, benches, fences, gates, and other items with strict aesthetic standards.

Not just metals pair well with blacksmith enamel. It’s covered in plastic, wood, ceramics, and so forth.

Varieties of hammer paint

The types listed below are made available:

The most popular choice is number two. most frequently purchase alkyd paints.

Many years of operation have verified the quality of the following domestic brands:

  1. NC-221. Relatively inexpensive enamel on a nitro -cellulose basis. Does not have moisture resistance, intended only for internal work.
  2. Ml-165. Alkyd-stirol-based coating. Differs in heat resistance (up to +130 ° C) and high adhesion force. Suitable for external work, can be applied to rust (contains converters).
  3. EP-1323ME. Epoxy composition. Also has high adhesion, heat and moisture resistance. Suitable for all types of work.

Hammerite alkyd paint is the most resistant of the imported paints. Rusty surfaces can be treated with the material. The high price is one of its drawbacks.

Paints for metal:

  • Rapid -drying paint for metal;
  • Powder paint for metal;

Advantages and disadvantages

The benefits of hammer enamel for metal are as follows:

  1. Resistance to extreme temperature and its sharp differences. The most heat -resistant versions withstand heating up to +300 ° C.
  2. Anti -corrosion effect.
  3. Increased strength.
  4. The ability to neutralize rust.
  5. Little time drying. Aerosol paint has the smallest indicator.
  6. Moisture resistance.
  7. Durability. The paint lasts 8 years, the brightness of the color lasts 3 years.
  8. Lack of harmful fumes. The material is suitable for use in residential premises.
  9. Aesthetic qualities.
  10. Color variety.
  11. Dirt and water-repellent effect.
  12. Low requirements for the evenness of the painted surface. The embossed texture of the paint smooths out defects.
  13. Repairs. In the presence of damage, the product does not need to be completely repainted. Restore the coating only in the damaged area, after which the defect becomes inconspicuous.
  14. Resistance to vibration.
  15. Good hiding place (the ability to paint the color of the base).
  16. Resistance to atmospheric factors, oil, weak alkalis and acids.

  1. Lack of plasticity. Microstings can appear in the corners that pass moisture to the metal.
  2. Increased consumption. On average it is 100 g/m2.
  3. High price.
  4. Difficulties with removal. The material is poorly pending and the effects of solvents.
  5. The possibility of spreading rust from unpainted areas to enamel.

Color palette

Initially, blacksmith enamel was only available in black, white, or gray because it was only used for practical purposes in industry. Later, as the material’s decorative qualities gained popularity and demand grew, they started making stamps using different pigments. There are the following choices available:

  • golden;
  • copper and bronze;
  • silver;
  • blue, blue, purple;
  • green, khaki;
  • red, brown, chocolate.

The best manufacturers

The following businesses and organizations in Russia are involved in the production of colors that have a hammer effect:

  1. "Tex" (St. Petersburg).
  2. Group of Companies "Russian Technical Aerosols". Is the owner of the Kudo trademark.
  3. "NPP Rogned". The owner of TM Dali.
  4. "Krasko" (Moscow). Release enamel "Molotex".
  5. Factory NPP "Spectrum". The owner of TM "Ceres".
  6. Killy Power Plant. Produces products under TM "Mr. Hammer".
  7. TD "Lacra". Produces a hammer enamel Parade Z1.

These are the most well-liked foreigners:

  1. Hammerite (UK).
  2. Permo (Finland).
  3. Alpina (Germany).
  4. Dufa (Germany).

What affects operation

When aluminum filler is mixed with other colors to impart heat resistance, gas and water resistance, and other qualities, its primary purpose in blacksmithing is decorative. Only the enamel serving as the foundation determines the operational characteristics.

Powder hammer paints

A pistol-sprayer is used to apply powder paint. The painted product is connected to the pole of a direct current source at the same time as a static charge reports to it. As a result, electrical attraction keeps the particles on the surface.

The product then goes into a unique furnace to undergo sintering of the coating.

The greater resistance to mechanical effects of this type of paint is its defining feature. However, when it operates outdoors for an extended period of time, the UV radiation damages its structure. Erosion patches appear as a result of the pigment’s surrounding photochemical activity.

Chalk is the term for this procedure.

A shift in the coating’s gloss is a warning indication. The mechanical exposure of painted areas causes the coating’s strength and protective qualities to diminish.

Liquid enamel

The following elements have an impact on liquid paint’s operational characteristics:

  1. The state of the base. The inscription in the characterization of "enamel in rust" some interpret as the lack of requirements in the preparation of the surface. Preliminary removal of loose oxides will greatly extend the coating life and increase the clutch force. The material is poorly kept on a smooth surface. Before painting it is stuck.
  2. Lack of fat spots on a painted surface. This also positively affects the strength of adhesion. Particular attention is paid to the processing of new products with a degreaser: they are often covered with a factory lubricant.
  3. Primer. It is allowed to apply enamel directly to the metal surface. But preliminary treatment with a primer will greatly improve its operational characteristics.

Duration of drying

The usage instructions include information on how long the paint takes to dry. It takes about two hours on average, after which the coating loses its stickiness. But after two to three days, the enamel reaches its peak strength.

It is advised to avoid driving the car after painting it during this period.

The manufacturer determines how these factors affect the product. Therefore, stainless steel and non-ferrous metals can be painted with Dali enamel from NPP Rogned without the need for primer. In these circumstances, hammerite products are poorly held.

How to prepare the surface for staining

The metal is processed in the following ways prior to being painted with hammer paint:

  1. A brush with a metal pile or an abrasive tool is cleaned with a loose rust, a fled, a ward, an exfolved old paint. It is not necessary to delete the decoration.
  2. If the surface is smooth, it is given roughness with an abrasive tool: sandpaper, drills with a special nozzle or a grinder with a grinding disk.
  3. They process the product with a degreaser, such as white spirit, solvent (oil solvent) or "646". Then – acetone. You can wash it with washing powder, then rinse it with clean water and dry. The absence of fat spots is checked by applying a napkin or filter paper to the surface: there should be no traces on them.

The compatibility of the leftover old paint is determined by applying enamel to a small area and checking the coating for flaws and adhesion a few hours later. The previous finish is entirely erased in the event that the outcome is not satisfactory.

An effective and long-lasting way to add an industrial, textured look to metal surfaces is with hammer finish metal paint. In order to ensure proper adhesion and maximize its effectiveness, clean and sand the metal thoroughly first. If necessary, prime the surface before coating it with even, smooth strokes using a brush or spray can. If you want a more noticeable hammered effect, use multiple coats and give your layers enough time to dry. This paint offers a layer of defense against rust and wear in addition to improving the aesthetic appeal.

Metal staining technology with hammer paint

Enamel can be applied in a variety of methods. The option is determined by the surface’s area and configuration. Paint needs to be applied correctly in every situation; otherwise, the coating will wear off quickly.

Using a brush

The strongest hammer effect is produced using this technique. There is stain on the brush:

  1. Small areas.
  2. Small elements belonging to large products with a complex shape.
  3. Furniture, frames and other items with high requirements for aesthetics.

It is advised to position the product horizontally. It will therefore be necessary to take the metal door out of the loops. When this kind of chance isn’t present, a quickly-drying enamel substitute is utilized.

Use a natural bristle brush. The solvents in enamel cause the synthetic to corrode.

The surface’s orientation determines how many layers there are:

  • horizontal – 2;
  • Vertical – 3.

Ensuring that the product is free of any remaining unprocessed areas is imperative. If not, the rust that is already present on them will seep into the paint.

Using a brush, pure enamel is applied.

Construction roller

Large, even surfaces, like walls or gates, can be painted with this tool. Make use of a small pile of the following supplies:

For the same reason as synthetic brushes, foam rubber is not appropriate: paint composition contains polymers that corrode.

Applying two to three layers of enamel. First, it is diluted using a solvent that is recommended by the manufacturer (1/9 of the paint volume). The most common uses for alkyd mixtures in this capacity are solvent and xylol.

Small, intricate configuration details are pre-processed using a brush.

Aerosol sprayer

Using a spray can, apply stain to:

  • small products, such as art forging items;
  • chips and other damage.

In the second scenario, you should first confirm that the paint’s shade matches the primary coating.

  1. The spray is held at a distance of 15-20 cm from the painted surface.
  2. Shake it periodically.
  3. Apply 3-4 thin layers. After the first, they can stand for 3 minutes, then – 20.

Pneumatic spray gun

This technique is applied to paint large areas in th.h. relief. Working with a spray gun and correctly configuring it requires certain skills.

  1. The enamel is diluted with a solvent (1/7-1/8 of the paint volume). It is advisable to provide a viscosity recommended by the manufacturer by controlling it with a viscometer.
  2. Staining is performed in 2-3 layers, the first is made as thin as possible.
  3. Provide the temperature within +18 … +22 ° C.
  1. Pressure-2.5-3.5 atm.
  2. Nozzle diameter-3-4 mm.
  3. The angle of the spray cone is 65 °.

With losses of up to 50%, the spray method has the highest losses.


This apparatus is also designed to process large flat and relief surfaces. It performs paint spraying without the use of air, and the operator must possess the necessary abilities and be aware of the specifications in order to adjust the spray gunner correctly. Using a spray gun, application technology replicates actions.

  • Krascolet – what it is;
  • How to choose a spray gun;
  • How to paint a spray gun;
  • Pneumatic spray gun;
  • Electric spray gun (electrical scrap);
  • Manual spray gun;
  • An airless spray gun;
  • Manual spray gun for whitewashing;
  • Spray gun for water -based paint;
  • DIY spray gun;
  • Settings of a spray gun;

Instructions for painting some surfaces

When using your hands to apply enamel, you need to keep raw areas away from the application. It is helpful to think about the process for the largest and most intricate constructions.

Painting metal gates and entrance doors

It is advised to take the sash off and place it on the bar stands. Then they behave as follows:

  1. They are cleaned with an abrasive tool or a metal brush exfolved old paint. The rest must be scrapped. If the coating does not disappear, then it can be left.
  2. They treat the sash with a solvent or a similar degreaser, then acetone.
  3. Cover the surface with a primer. Due to the high clutch force, the hammer enamel holds well without it, but in the case of gates and doors, this stage is better not to ignore.
  4. Dilute the paint with a solvent in a proportion corresponding to the selected tool (roller or spray gun).
  5. The composition of the corners, loops and edges of the product is applied with a brush. If there are eye castles, they are also processed.
  6. The right tool is enamel on the main surface. After drying, the product is painted again 1 or 2 times.

To prevent compliments on the gate, the final layer is made fat.

Car coating

The car’s paint has unique qualities of its own. Attain the textured pattern "Alligator Leather," adhering to the rules. The following are the suggestions:

  1. The primer is not used. Instead, the surface is prepared with high -quality, defects are filled with putty. After drying it is praised.
  2. Paint is applied in 2 layers with a break between them in 30 minutes.
  3. Full drying out 7 hours.
  4. After 3 days, they begin to operate the car.

Diluting enamel is not advised in the absence of experience; instead, it is preferable to use the final composition at the appropriate consistency. Solvents are used by wise masters:

  1. For steel products – rustbeater no1.
  2. For non -ferrous metals – Special Metals Primer.

When the solvent is used correctly, the decorative effect becomes more noticeable.

The spray gun’s nozzle has a 4 mm diameter. The VZ-246 viscosimeter is a useful tool for figuring out enamel viscosity. Recommended instruments: brush or roller. They produce an eye-catching metallic reflection and a more prominent relief.

It is possible to paint in the garage. A 200-liter capacity home compressor is required for the Kraskopult to operate steadily.

Coloring recommendations

The following guidelines are followed in the completion of the work:

  1. Initially, they study the instructions on the subject of what temperature can be painted with this composition. In most cases, indicate the range +10 … +30 ° C. The optimal value is +20 … +25 ° C.
  2. The maximum allowable humidity is 70-80%.
  3. Staining is performed outdoors or in a ventilated room. In the first case, the weather should be calm, otherwise the enamel will be covered with dust. Choose a place protected from direct rays of the sun, so that drying occurs in natural conditions.
  4. It is not allowed to have open fire sources nearby.
  5. Use personal protective equipment.
  6. After work, the tool is cleaned of paint with a solvent.
  7. To make the pattern “under minting” more pronounced, apply several layers with a brush or roller. The total thickness does not exceed 100 microns, otherwise the enamel will dry for a long time.
  8. The spray gun and spray gun are used in cases where the decorative effect is not required.
  9. The leveling of the surface with the help of putty is not carried out. Small cracks and scratches are filled with paint, thanks to its texture, they will become inconspicuous.
  10. It is not allowed to apply enamel to coatings with a bitumen content and performed by the powder method.
  11. Before staining, wood is treated with water -based acrylic soil. Otherwise, porous material absorbs enamel.

Production of hammer paint

The following ratios of ingredients are needed to make homemade enamel:

  1. LAK VOVV-1-96.8%.
  2. Aluminum shavings – no more than 6%.
  3. Soot – 0.5% (gives shade and relief).
  4. Silicone oil.

In a warm room, preparations are made. All ingredients, with the exception of silicone oil, are poured into a container and combined using a stick mixer initially. The mixture is blended until it is smooth. Aluminum shavings do not appear in a solution that has been properly prepared.

Finally, add five to eight drops of silicone oil. You can add color enamel to give a shade, but no more than thirty percent of the mass should be added.

Step Description
1 Clean the metal surface thoroughly.
2 Sand the surface to remove rust and old paint.
3 Apply a primer to the metal surface.
4 Allow the primer to dry completely.
5 Stir the hammer paint well before use.
6 Apply the hammer paint evenly using a brush or roller.
7 Let the paint dry as per the manufacturer"s instructions.
8 Apply a second coat if needed for better coverage.
9 Allow the final coat to dry completely before using the item.

Your projects will look amazing when you use hammer finish metal paint because it adds durability and style. This special kind of paint hides flaws and produces a rough, appealing finish with a textured, hammered effect. Hammer finish paint is an adaptable option for a variety of purposes, including furniture restoration, metal surface protection, and simple decorative accents.

The best outcomes require careful planning. Make sure the metal surface is free of old paint or rust, and that it is clean and dry. Paint adhesion can be improved by lightly sanding the surface. Using a primer that is appropriate for metal surfaces will improve the paint’s finish and longevity.

To prevent drips and uneven texture, apply the paint with smooth, even strokes while keeping a constant distance from the surface. To create a robust, long-lasting finish, adhere to the manufacturer’s recommendations regarding the drying periods between coats. For most projects, two coats should be plenty; however, you can add more for greater protection and a more intense texture.

Give the paint enough time to cure completely before handling or using the item after painting. This guarantees that the finish is durable and impervious to scratches and chips. Hammer finish appearance and functionality can be maintained with proper care, such as mild cleaning with non-abrasive materials.

You can give your metal projects an expert-level finish that improves their durability and appearance by following these steps. Hammer finish metal paint is a useful and fashionable fix that provides durable defense and a unique appearance.

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Maria Vlasova

Chemist-technologist, expert on paint and varnish materials. I will help you figure out the compositions of paints, their characteristics and choose the best option for your purposes.

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