Varieties of gender varnishes and advice on choosing a composition

Your flooring’s durability and appearance can be greatly affected by the floor varnish you choose. With so many choices, it’s critical to comprehend the various kinds of varnishes and their intended applications. This will assist you in reaching a decision that meets your requirements and tastes.

Every kind of floor varnish has its own advantages, ranging from strengthening the wood’s inherent beauty to offering a durable layer of protection against deterioration. There is a varnish that can produce the desired effect, whether you want a high-gloss finish or a more understated matte appearance.

It’s crucial to take into account the particular requirements of the space where the varnish will be applied. Which type of varnish is best for your floors can depend on a number of factors, including foot traffic, exposure to sunlight, and humidity levels. You can select a varnish that looks fantastic and endures over time by being aware of these factors.

Chips on the choice

It is essential to purchase moisture- and wear-resistant floor varnish. The following elements must be taken into consideration for the floor in the room to become an interior decoration, stay light, and not decay:

  • location of the room (indoor or outside);
  • sharp temperature changes;
  • Protection treatment;
  • Pilomaterial variety;
  • placed on the floor covering of the load;
  • environmental Safety;
  • external attractiveness and economy.

Selecting a varnish for a wooden floor—especially one made of soft wood—is not too tough if you precisely follow these guidelines. Pick a parquet varnish with extreme caution. It is possible to continue processing the flooring. The functional purpose of the room and the level of mechanical loads on the floor are therefore crucial considerations when selecting the LCM.

One thing is when there are loads in the bedroom or living area where occupants wear slippers; another is in the hallway where shoes must be brought in from the outside. What can we say about bars, restaurants, and other businesses where there are so many people passing through each day that it is impossible to keep track?

Types of varnishes

In composition

Depending on their solvents and additional ingredients, lacques vary:

  • Water -soluble. These are a smell without smell, quickly drying, creating a reliable protective film on the floor surface.

  • Soil-varnishes. These are compounds used as a finish coating.

  • Alcohol. They are rapidly drying, giving the floor a special shine of the mixture.

  • Based on natural resins. Such a strong coating is characterized by a characteristic luster, is not afraid of moisture and temperature extremes. Absolutely safe composition, which includes only natural raw materials.

Materials are naturally classified into the following categories based on the type of resin used in the composition:

  • Polyurethane varnish for the floor.

  • Acrylic varnish for water -based floor.

  • Uretan varnish – elastic and water -repellent.

  • High toxic epoxy varnish.

Every floor varnish serves as both a flooring decoration and a moisture and wear resistance. The room’s owner determines the ideal floor varnish, however, taking into account his personal traits.

Suggestions for selecting varnish are shown in the video.

By properties

The following can be listed as varieties of varnishes:

  • Ground varnishes, which are mixtures of finish coatings that can increase the quality of adhesion. They are used to change the appearance of the varnish coating for the better. Before applying this composition, you need to verify its compatibility with a decorative coating.

  • Water varnishes for a wooden floor are inexpensive and environmentally friendly to use. However, their wear resistance is small. If you paint a pine board with such a composition, it is recommended to use a roller. Many consumers prefer water -based varnish.

  • Polyurethane waterless varnishes are ideal for flooring made of pine boards. They are strong and have excellent adhesive characteristics. The composition contains a solvent – acrylic or uoretan. Due to the absence of water in its composition, this material dries quickly. Using anhydrous varnish, you can do without preliminary primer.

  • Alciden varnish is made on the basis of oil resins, which are made of natural raw materials. Using such LKM for pine flooring, you can strengthen the beauty of a real tree and emphasize its natural structure.

  • Oil varnishes contain amber and rosin. These are vegetable oils, solvents and resins of natural origin. These materials are used for primary coating.

It’s critical to comprehend the various types of floor varnishes that are available as well as their distinct advantages. There is a varnish to fit your needs, whether you want a quick-drying option for a quick project, a durable finish for high-traffic areas, or a specific look to match your decor. This post will walk you through the different kinds of floor varnishes and provide helpful guidance on choosing the proper blend to make sure your floors look great and endure over time.

Choosing varnish taking into account the variety of wood

The floor covering must be made really beautiful after it is opened by selecting an LKM that takes the variety of wood into consideration. If this is a larch, it is a wood breed known for its strength, which is why it is used for street work and in places with high humidity, like bathrooms. Wooden surfaces are coated with polyurethane varnishes. The reason larch lumber is valuable is that these boards don’t warp over the course of their useful lives.

Particularly for floors under arbors, on terraces, and on verandas, it is ideal for the flooring to be resistant to wear and moisture.

Pine polish should dependable protect soft wood because pine is not as strong as larch. If you choose the wrong composition, the pine material may develop cracks. Polyurethane or epoxy paintwork materials are used for painting pine flooring. Such a board must be covered in multiple layers.

If floor boards made of beech, ash, or oak—varieties of unstable wood—you must apply specific soil mixtures prior to staining. After processing is complete, you can apply polyurethane or alkyd LKM. However, it’s best to neutralize the essential oil that the exotic wood floors released by processing them first. Following the neutralization of the oil, the floor is primed and varnished.

Prior to varnishing, the floor is primed if the flooring board contains tannins. If not, the surface will start to show dark patches.

Gender Varnish Variety Choosing Advice
Water-Based Good for indoor use, dries quickly, low odor, easy cleanup with water
Solvent-Based Durable, suitable for outdoor use, longer drying time, strong odor, requires solvent for cleanup

It’s critical to comprehend the various types of floor varnishes that are available as well as their distinct advantages. Water-based varnishes are a popular option for homes because they are fast-drying and environmentally friendly. They offer a glossy sheen that brings out the wood’s inherent beauty.

Conversely, oil-based varnishes provide a rich, warm finish along with longevity. Because of their resilience, they take longer to dry but are perfect for high-traffic areas. Polyurethane varnishes are a great choice for those looking for maximum durability because they combine the best qualities of both materials and have a tough finish that is resistant to spills and scratches.

Take into account your desired finish and how the room will be used when selecting a varnish. Water-based options are excellent for a natural look. Oil-based or polyurethane varnishes are the best choice for a more substantial and toasty look. For optimal results, always adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions, and do routine maintenance to keep your floors looking their best.

You can guarantee that your floors are safe and attractive for many years to come by being aware of the different types of floor varnishes and making wise decisions. If you take the time to choose the best product for your requirements, a well-varnished floor will provide long-term advantages.

Video on the topic

Paul and parquet varnish | Lacques for wood | Farbitex Profi Wood

Choosing a wooden floral varnish. Grinding and painting the floor from a dodgy board.

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Daria Yakovlev

Interior designer, author of online color design courses. I will help you create a harmonious interior using color.

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