KM paint for staining evacuation routes – properties and instructions for use

Requirements regarding the durability and visibility of evacuation routes are critical to building safety. Using premium paint made especially for these important areas is one crucial step in this process. KM paint is a specialty product designed specifically for marking and staining evacuation routes. It has unique qualities that make it perfect for this use.

KM paint is distinguished by its remarkable longevity and visibility. It is imperative in emergency situations that this paint be able to provide a clear, bright finish that is easily visible even in low light. Because of its sturdy construction, the markings will withstand abrasion from cleaning agents and foot traffic while remaining intact and readable over time.

Although applying KM paint is simple, careful attention to detail is necessary to get the best results. To guarantee good adhesion, the surface needs to be properly cleaned and prepped before beginning. A smooth, even coating can be achieved by mixing and applying the product according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Enough drying time must be given to guarantee that the paint sets properly and keeps its efficacy.

Staining evacuation routes with KM paint not only improves safety but also aids in regulatory compliance. Building managers can guarantee that evacuation routes are properly marked and maintained by investing in this dependable solution, which will improve the facility’s overall safety and preparedness.

Property Description
Fire Resistance KM paint is fire-resistant, providing crucial safety for evacuation routes by slowing down the spread of flames.
Visibility The paint offers high visibility, ensuring that evacuation routes are easily seen even in low light conditions.
Durability It is highly durable, resistant to wear and tear, and maintains its effectiveness over time.
Application Apply the paint using a brush or roller in two coats, allowing each coat to dry thoroughly.
Drying Time Each coat typically dries within 2-3 hours under normal conditions.
Maintenance Regularly inspect the painted areas and reapply as necessary to ensure continuous protection and visibility.

Purpose of paint and basic requirements

The walls of evacuation routes in many institutions, including kindergartens, schools, and hospitals, are still painted with extremely hazardous paints. They have a lot of additives that can catch fire, which greatly raises the possibility of a big fire. The new regulations stipulate that civil objects, stairwells, elevators, and lobby walls must be painted with fireproof, non-combustible paint. Banks, offices, hotels, dorms, and cultural buildings are all subject to the same regulations.

Hazard classes (from km 0 to km 5) were created for the material grading, and only paints of class Km0 classes should be used at these objects.

Why is there a need for these materials? The flame will not spread if a similar tool is used to represent the coating. The benefits of paints KM0 and km 1 also include the following:

  • form a little smoke;
  • do not ignite or are difficult to flammable;
  • not toxic during smoke.

Paint that is fire retardant needs to meet GOST standards and have the required certifications. Paints are typically water-based products, but not all water-based materials have the same qualities.

The use of colors

Fund applications are permitted on the surfaces of gypsum, concrete, stone, and brick; these materials work well for plastered bases. Non-combustible NG paint provides an exterior white layer that can be tinted to any required color. Any pastes or dry pigments for water-based methods work well for tinting. The material may be used on the room’s floor, ceiling, and walls.

Depending on the non-flammability class, there are several guidelines for using paints:

  1. Etabyli, halls, cells of stairs of public institutions – ceilings km0, half km1.
  2. General corridors, halls of the foyer of public institutions – ceiling, walls – km1, floor – km2.
  3. Etabyli, halls, staircases in buildings less than 9 floors – ceiling, walls – km2, floor – km3; In buildings of 9-17 floors – km1 for walls, ceiling, km2 for the floor, in buildings of more than 17 floors – km0 and km1, respectively.
  4. General corridors, lobby halls in buildings less than 9 floors – ceiling, walls – km3, floor – km4, in buildings of 9-17 floors – km1 for the ceiling, walls, km2 for the floor, in buildings of more than 17 floors – KM1, respectively, respectively.

Km 0

The composition consists of water, different additives, liquid glass, and fillers. This tool’s liquefied glass fibers make it completely non-combustible, making it ideal for effectively protecting walls and ceilings from fire while facilitating citizen evacuation routes. Mandatory KM0 is utilized in spaces with stricter fire safety regulations, such as pediatric hospitals, clinics, and spaces that can accommodate more than 300 people. Its flame distribution index is zero, and its combustibility falls into the non-combustible NG class.

The following surfaces can be painted over because of the paint’s strong adhesion:

  • drywall;
  • concrete;
  • putty and plaster;
  • brick;
  • tree;
  • glass wallpaper;
  • metal.

Because the product’s composition is water-dispersion based, it operates flawlessly even in higher humidity levels. It is odorless, highly heated, non-toxic, and vapor permeable, all while being environmentally friendly. The coating is abrasion-resistant, silky-lip, washable, and pleasant to the touch. The following are the technical specifications to which paint from various manufacturers should adhere:

  • viscosity-100 s according to the viscometer of the Bi-4;
  • dry residue – 60%;
  • drying time to 3rd degree-60 minutes at a temperature of +20 degrees;
  • Application conditions – humidity up to 80%, temperature +5 … +30 degrees.

Acter KM-0-non-combustible paint from the Russian manufacturer

The paint material "Acterm" KM0 (NG), which is non-flammable and decorative, is intended to be used to adorn the evacuation routes. Once it dries, it creates a harmless, fireproof layer that is also sufficiently attractive for human use. Paint has a class 0 fire hazard and a combustibility class of NG (non-combustible).

The scope of the material

When lighting different surfaces in these kinds of establishments, LKM is intended to stop the fire from spreading:

  • stairs;
  • lobby;
  • corridors;
  • halls;
  • elevators;
  • basements;
  • warehouses, including fuel and lubricants;
  • gas stations;
  • garages;
  • trade and business centers;
  • houses of culture;
  • the shops;
  • cafe, restaurants;
  • Cinemas, etc. D.

The "Acterm" paint is used in other locations where it is necessary to stop the spread of fire and is soiled during the evacuation of people from various buildings and structures. This instrument is appropriate for:

  • drywall;
  • brick;
  • wood;
  • stone;
  • glass wallpaper;
  • concrete;
  • plaster.

Composition and properties

The inorganic water binder, enhanced additives, modifiers, fillers, dyes, fungicides, and silver ions serve as the foundation for this water-dispersion paint. It gives you a wonderful matte coating that is smooth to the touch once it has dried. A dried film has the qualities listed below:

  • resistance to the action of UV rays, detergents and disinfectants, water;
  • high strength, wear resistance, long service life;
  • lack of shrinkage, crackling, detachment;
  • Sunburning ability;
  • antiseptic and antifungal qualities.

Following application, the paint creates a completely safe and environmentally friendly microporous (breathing) coating. LKM is initially white, but the user can request any tint to change it to any shade.

Technical specifications

Acterm paint is distinguished by the subsequent technical information:

  • The proportion of the dry residue is 53%;
  • frost resistance – 2 cycles;
  • drying time to the third degree – 60 minutes;
  • The resistance of the film to the static action of water is 48 hours, detergents – 48, light – 72;
  • adhesion – 1 point;
  • The degree of moisture absorption by the film is 0.5%;
  • strength when hit – 0.5 m;
  • Hightbuildiness – 150 g/sq. m;
  • hardness according to the M-3 device-0.35 conditional units;
  • Density-1.4-1.7 g/cube. cm;
  • viscosity in the BI-4-30 s.

The film should be uniform, even, and free of wrinkles, potholes, and extraneous inclusions after drying. It can last up to fifteen years in service. 240–300 g of paint are needed per square meter to create a two-layer coating; this amount varies depending on the kind of base, its porosity, and its roughness.

Preparatory events

Prior to beginning any work, the surface must be cleaned and cleared of any dirt or trash, old coatings removed, and dust. The base needs to be primed with "soil km 0" primer and dried right before staining. It is necessary to thoroughly mix the paint without diluting it with water. The following are the requirements for work:

  • temperature – +10 … +35 degrees;
  • Humidity – up to 80%.

The main stage of applying actor KM-0

Paint is applied in two layers using a brush, roller, and spray application. At room temperature, the layers take two hours to dry halfway. It is recommended to refrain from operating on the surface for a full 48 hours. If the room temperature is less than +20 degrees, the drying process may take longer than expected. If necessary, you can tint the composition with any type of pigment paste that contains water.

Paint cannot be mixed with other materials because doing so will weaken its non-combustibility. Applying to lacquered bases is causing the surface to fracture. Dark staining of the bases frequently results in the appearance of lighter areas where scratches and strokes were previously present. If a different portion of the coating sustains damage, it needs to be cleaned to a strong layer, the surface needs to be prepared, and the paint needs to be applied once more.

Km 1

Because acrylic dispersion, additives, and pigments are a part of its composition, this tool can also be used to stain evacuated outputs. Any shade of tint is applied. Technically speaking, the paint is different from the prior viscosity (100 s). In line with fire safety regulations, it has the following parameters:

  • combustibility – g1;
  • smoke formation – D1;
  • flame distribution – RP1;
  • ignorance – B1 (difficult to flammable);
  • combustion toxicity – T1.

The substance is usually used for KM0 paint staining evacuation routes in buildings and structures unrelated to the above. Its goal is to slow down the rate at which flames spread across any surface. Can be used as a wash and wear rack, sturdy, and decorative coating.

Km 2

Funds in this category may be used to stain evacuation passage floors, hallway walls, and the entrance foyer of structures up to 50 meters high (9–17 stories). Km2 paint, which is in class B2, has a moderate ignition. The degree of flame spread relates to RP1, which is not responsible for spreading the flame. Classifications for flammability: g1 (low-combat), toxicity: T2 (moderately dangerous), and smoke-secreting capacity: D2.

Km 3

Floor painting is the only application for class paints below km2. Class material KM3 exhibits the following fire properties:

  • combustibility – g2 (moderately combustible);
  • ignorance – B2;
  • smoke formation – D3 (high smoke -forming ability);
  • toxicity – T2;
  • flame distribution – RP2 (weakly spreading).

Km 4

The same fire safety parameters apply to KM4:

  • combustibility – g3 (normally combustible);
  • ignorance – B2;
  • smoke formation – D3 (high smoke -forming ability);
  • toxicity – T3 (highly dangerous);
  • flame distribution – RP2.

Km 5

The evacuation routes and exits are not stained with this tool. The following are the fire safety parameters:

  • combustibility – g4 (very firm);
  • ignorance – B3 (flammable);
  • smoke formation – d3;
  • toxicity – T3 (extremely dangerous);
  • flame distribution – RP4 (strongly distributing).

With its exceptional visibility and long-lasting properties, KM paint is especially made for designating evacuation routes, guaranteeing people’s safety during emergencies. The main characteristics of KM paint, including its formula’s quick drying time, durability, and surface adhesion, are examined in this article. It also offers clear application instructions to help you achieve the best results for durable, unmistakable evacuation route markings. These instructions cover surface preparation, suggested tools, and ideal drying times.

Application of the product

It is advised to paint the walls and ceiling after two weeks, if plastering was done on them. If there is already adhesive, silicate, or whitewashing paint on the surfaces, they need to be thoroughly cleaned. Additionally, you must get rid of rust, fat deposits, and dirt. Putty is required for pits and other defects; latex putty should not be used because it loses its non-combustibility. The walls should be primed with water and KM1 paint (10–15 percent of the total volume) before being fully colored.

Water can be used to dilute the main composition, but only up to the viscosity specified in the technical characteristics. Nothing more can be added to it except water and coloring! Use a roller, brush, or spray application to apply km0, km1, and other colors in two layers. Depending on the temperature, intermediate drying is done for 30 to 60 minutes after each layer. In a day, the drying process is finished. It is then acceptable to wash the walls 14–28 days later. Paints use between 150 and 200 grams per square meter. We are discussing single-layer product application.

When it comes to marking evacuation routes, KM paint provides a dependable option that makes them easy to see and follow in an emergency. Its exceptional adhesion, high durability, and resistance to wear and tear are some of its most notable qualities. It is perfect for high-traffic areas where safety is a top priority because of these features. The paint’s luminescent quality, which glows in low light, improves visibility and adds an extra degree of security in smoke-filled or power-out environments.

KM paint is easy to apply and very user-friendly. To start, give the surface a thorough cleaning to get rid of any dust, oil, or leftover paint. This guarantees maximum adherence and durability. Depending on your preference and the size of the surface, use a brush, roller, or sprayer to apply the paint after preparation. For best results, make sure to allow enough time for the coats to dry between coats as recommended. For most applications, two coats should be enough to achieve a bright and long-lasting finish.

It’s also easy to maintain the painted evacuation routes. It is important to do routine inspections to make sure the markings are still there and readable. A fast touch-up with KM paint will return any faded or damaged markings to their original state. By keeping the evacuation routes operational at all times, this maintenance schedule improves occupant safety within the building.

In conclusion, KM paint is a great option for designating evacuation routes because of its strength, visibility, and simplicity of use. You can make sure that your evacuation routes are reliable and well-marked by taking the appropriate precautions during preparation and application. These routes will remain in excellent condition with regular maintenance, giving you peace of mind and increasing safety in any emergency.

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Maria Vlasova

Chemist-technologist, expert on paint and varnish materials. I will help you figure out the compositions of paints, their characteristics and choose the best option for your purposes.

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