How to prevent concrete corrosion and protect the material from destruction?

Although it is a common and long-lasting material, concrete is not unbreakable. Its strength and durability may be seriously jeopardized over time by corrosion and other types of harm. Buildings, bridges, and other concrete structures must be kept structurally intact, which requires an understanding of how to prevent concrete corrosion.

Exposure to chemicals and moisture is one of the main causes of corrosion in concrete. Hazardous materials like sulfates and chlorides can seep into concrete and cause the embedded steel reinforcement to begin to corrode. Rebar corrosion is the process causing cracking, spalling, and eventually the entire structure to weaken. Thus, one of the most important steps in stopping corrosion in concrete is to keep it dry.

Concrete can be protected from these dangers in a number of ways. A more durable concrete can be produced during construction by using high-quality materials and using the right mixing techniques. Furthermore, by using sealants and protective coatings, concrete can be kept much longer by creating a barrier against chemicals and water. An important part of early detection and prevention of possible corrosion issues is regular maintenance, which includes inspections and repairs.

It is possible to increase the longevity and durability of concrete structures by implementing these preventative measures. In addition to preserving the material, investing in appropriate protection techniques guarantees the dependability and safety of the structures constructed using it. Any builder or property owner must comprehend and put into practice concrete corrosion prevention techniques, whether for new construction or the upkeep of existing ones.

Types of corrosion and causes

The street-side concrete has a continuous detrimental influence on the environment. Acids, gases, temperature swings, precipitation—all of these things can cause specific physical and chemical reactions in a material’s structure. The types of concrete corrosion and the primary causes of its occurrence were identified based on the studies.


The buildup of salts in the structure’s non-water capillaries and microcracks is the cause of this kind of deterioration in reinforced and concrete. Concrete gradually starts to crumble as a solid stone takes shape. It’s possible that bacteria, fungi, and algae will be able to grow inside the material’s pores and cause the structure to crack as a result.


This is the procedure by which significant components are extracted from the material’s body. Since the structures are mostly utilized in the area’s open spaces, outside factors have an impact on them. Calcium hydroxide, which is present in the concrete mixture, vanishes when exposed to moisture or a humid environment. This effect causes the concrete’s structure to become unsettled, leading to the emergence of cracks that initiate additional destructive processes.


The process of easily soluble compounds leaching lime when it comes into direct contact with an acidic environment is known as chemical corrosion of concrete. Aggressive media cause the formation of amorphous masses and salts. The former are created through interactions with harmful elements; they soon dissolve and are cleaned with water. There are no binding properties at all for the amorphous masses.

The emergence of hydraulic, hydro-aluminum, and hydraulic systems that facilitate the occurrence of soluble salts and other substances is known to cause chemical corrosion. The presence of carbon dioxides causes concrete structures of the carbon dioxide type to begin to corrode. The excess of carbon dioxide indicators allowed in content is the cause of the appearance of the destruction of an oxide film formed by a carbonate.

You should investigate the source of harmful exposure and take this into consideration during manufacture, installation, and concrete maintenance in order to safeguard the reinforced concrete structure and concrete.

Corrosion from the destruction of reinforcement

The two parts of reinforced concrete products are reinforcement and concrete mixture. The latter directly affects the substance. Metal rust develops during operation due to chemical reactions between concrete and sulfur gases, hydrogen sulfide, and chlorine. Cracks start to form when an internal voltage develops in the concrete structure’s body.

Within the concrete product’s pores, water and air clung. The uneven effects of negative media cause electrochemical corrosion, and the size of the stone’s pores and the amount of moisture penetration determine how quickly the reaction happens.

A thin oxide film that does not dissolve in water or react with salts will form on concrete left out in the open for an extended period of time due to the influence of carbon dioxide. The process is known as carbonization. It prevents concrete stone from rusting, but it also makes reinforcement corrosion more likely.

The anti-corrosion treatment of reinforcement should be considered when producing products made of reinforced concrete. Regulatory documents stipulate and govern these requirements.

Ways to protect concrete

The conditions for preventing these phenomena should be included in the design process so that the material was struck by corrosion as little as possible during the entire operation of reinforced concrete products, which results in its destruction.

Generally speaking, the protection measures allow for sealing, neutralization, and ventilation during the period when concrete products are working.

It is crucial to make sure that there are no areas where water can concentrate during the construction of concrete forms and reinforced concrete products; in other words, the formed surface should be naturally sanitary. The latter is accomplished by creating an inclination in a concrete foundation during the building process. Generally speaking, they offer primary and secondary corrosion protection for concrete.

Primary protection

The final material’s mineralogical composition varies during the manufacturing process when different additives are added to the concrete mixture. Testing validates this method’s effectiveness.

Concrete mixtures can benefit from the addition of chemicals, plasticizers, water-holding compounds, and amorphous silica, among other anti-corrosion additives.

The manufacturing project considers the product’s production environment. For instance, if contact with sulfate-containing waters is not avoided, the percentage of sulfuric hydrocarbon in concrete mixtures decreases. Potzzosolanization, or adding hydrodrower containing active silica to Portland cement’s composition, is a common practice. Simultaneously, calcium hydraulic sodilicata forms, which is more resistant to corrosion formation than calcium hydroxide.

The density of concrete stone rises with the addition of a chemical active supplement to the concrete mixture, which helps to reduce the rate at which aggressive media are exposed. Consequently, the internal reinforcement is not as strong as rust.

By reducing the size and quantity of pores, additives can increase the future structure’s resistance to frost.

Corrosion additives

Ensuring the protection of reinforced concrete structures and mixtures from corrosion is crucial during the manufacturing process. The following chemical additions result from the corrosion factor’s effects:

  • plasticizers;
  • anti -icosis;
  • air -winning;
  • sealing;
  • inhibitory corrosion properties;
  • gaseous;
  • reducing the speed of setting.

Several popular categories of anti-corrosion mixtures can be identified from this list:

An insoluble combination of sodium salts and organic acids in water.

Improving the consistency of the concrete, lowering the coefficient of friction between its constituent parts, and incorporating air masses. The resistance to the formation of cracks and the penetration of mineral salts increases as a result of the two-step increase in frost resistance and water resistance.

When the dosage is more than 0.15–0.5% of the cement powder’s bulk, the sample’s strength in a compression test declines.

Grunts of sulfur or sdb

The process of making calcium salts from liginosulfonic acids is used to produce this additive.

The best adhesion of cement powder grains and the penetration of air masses are provided, and the mobility of the concrete mixture is greatly increased. Pores form and hydrogen is released. Frost resistance is increased by nearly two times, and the strength indicator rises from 5% to 10%. Salt resistance, water resistance, and a brand’s indicator of crack resistance all rise.

Concrete can be mixed with 0.15-0.3% SDB. either a liquid or a solid product.

The process of ethylgirosylcsan hydrolysis ensures product production.

Many pores close to one another at the same time when the cement and this additive come into contact because hydrogen is released. Concrete walls and capillaries have an active effect on the hydrophobizing agent. The mixture begins to set more slowly. Water resistance rises by two steps and frost resistance by three to four times at the same time.

Concrete contains 0.03–0.08% of this substance’s type. It is made in liquid form with a 100% composition or in a 50% water solution.

Crucial! The manufacturer considers the percentage of additives introduced, which is determined by regulatory documents, during the manufacturing process.

How to obtain high-quality concrete in the winter is shown in the video.

Secondary protection

This provides extra concrete defense against outside factors that could cause the material to corrode. To put it another way, concrete structures are waterproofed against moisture by doing things like painting, applying protective coatings, and cladding with slabs and rolled coatings.

Depending on the circumstances surrounding its future use, various materials are used to implement this kind of rust-resistant concrete:

The substance that was utilized

Conditions of operation

Giving protection

Optical acrylic layer

Gaseous or solid media

Defense against air, moisture, and microbes

Protection from moisture and solids

Regarding a liquid or gaseous medium

For soils that are highly humid and liquid-filled

Assist in reducing the synthesis of penicillin and other microbes

Wet soils with wetting electrolytes for liquid media

Based on construction experience, primary and secondary processing will provide the best defense against corrosion.

Tip Description
Use Sealants Apply sealants to create a barrier against water and chemicals.
Waterproof Coatings Use waterproof paints or coatings to protect concrete surfaces.
Regular Maintenance Inspect and repair cracks and damage promptly to prevent further deterioration.
Proper Drainage Ensure good drainage around concrete to avoid water accumulation.
Use Quality Materials Choose high-quality concrete and reinforcing materials for better durability.

Ensuring the longevity and durability of structures requires taking steps to prevent corrosion in concrete and safeguard it from damage. We can greatly increase the lifespan of concrete surfaces and structures by being aware of the reasons why concrete corrodes and by taking preventative action.

Using protective coatings is one of the best ways to stop concrete corrosion. By acting as a barrier, these coatings keep chemicals, moisture, and other corrosive substances away from the concrete. Reapplying and maintaining these coatings on a regular basis can help preserve the condition of the concrete.

Making sure there is adequate drainage around concrete structures is another essential step. Good drainage systems are essential for diverting water away from concrete surfaces, as standing water can hasten corrosion. Furthermore, water seeping in and causing damage can be avoided by sealing concrete joints and cracks.

Corrosion-resistant materials used during the building process can also have a big impact. Corrosion can be avoided early on by selecting premium concrete mixes and adding durability-enhancing additives. Cathodic protection can be used on existing structures to lower the rate at which the steel reinforcements inside the concrete corrode.

These techniques—protective coatings, appropriate drainage, crack sealing, high-quality materials, and cathodic protection—allow us to prevent corrosion and guarantee the stability and long-term functionality of concrete. It’s important to conduct routine inspections and timely maintenance to address possible issues before they become more significant ones.

Applying a combination of surface treatments and protective coatings is crucial to preventing corrosion in concrete and shielding it from damage. To prevent moisture and chemicals from penetrating the concrete, seal it first. Then, use corrosion inhibitors to protect the steel reinforcement inside. Your concrete structures can last much longer if you perform routine maintenance, like cleaning and resealing, and use high-quality paints and coatings made for tough conditions. You can successfully protect your concrete from the harmful effects of weather, chemicals, and other environmental factors by implementing these preventative measures.

Video on the topic

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