How to glue linoleum to the floor – an overview of funds and methods

Linoleum is easy to glue to the floor, and it can significantly improve the appearance and feel of your room. A smooth, long-lasting finish can be ensured with the appropriate method and materials, whether you’re updating a kitchen, bathroom, or any other room. With the help of this guide, you will effortlessly attain professional results by learning about the various adhesives and techniques that are available.

Selecting the appropriate adhesive is essential to the outcome of your project. There are various varieties that are appropriate for various linoleum types and conditions. Knowing the differences between these adhesives will enable you to choose the one that will work best for you and keep your linoleum firmly in place.

The method you use to apply the adhesive is just as important as choosing the correct adhesive when it comes to the final result. The application methods range from double-sided tape to spread adhesives. We’ll go over each method’s steps and offer advice on how to make things go as smoothly as possible.

When attaching linoleum, preparation is crucial. Keeping your floor dry, clean, and level will help you avoid common problems like uneven surfaces and bubbles. We’ll go over the crucial preparatory steps to help you get the best results and begin your project with confidence.

Advantages and disadvantages of gluing linoleum

Why do experts prefer to use glue when installing carpet coatings or linoleum? This installation technique works best in rooms larger than 10–15 square meters, as it eliminates the need for multiple joining stripes. If you need to repair individual pieces—for instance, replace a portion of the damaged coating—glue is required.

The following are the stickers’ advantages:

  1. Even in a small room, a freely lying linoleum can eventually go bubbles, deform. Gluing will increase the contact area of ​​the flooring with the base and will not allow the waves to go.
  2. The use of special adhesive tools reduces the risk of pit from the legs of furniture. Also, when the sofas, cabinets and beds on the floor, the danger of displacement of the coating, is significantly falling.
  3. Without glue, gaps appear in the joints, and the edge of linoleum strokes ugly, twists, water falls under it during flooring. The use of adhesive compositions excludes such a problem.
  4. The life of a securely attached flooring increases by 20-40 %, which is especially true for thin materials that are prone to damage and break. Glue helps to reduce the occurrence of microcracks.
  5. A tightly glued coating protects better against water flow during an emergency, does not allow the fungus and mold to multiply. If linoleum is laid on a wooden floor, the material of the base will not rot.

While there are some drawbacks to this installation technology, they are not the only ones. Affordable goods are unreliable, and premium adhesives are pricey. As a result, the cost of repair may rise significantly. The ensuing are the subsequent drawbacks:

  • an increase in the time to repair the room by 1-3 days;
  • increasing the complexity of work;
  • the difficulty of tearing linoleum from the floor (if you need to cross it);
  • the impossibility of repeated use of the coating – when dismantling it is torn in pieces.

You run the risk of getting a glue that has an adverse effect on the environment and is hazardous to people if you are not an expert in this area. Although glue’s chemical components increase adhesion and other advantageous qualities, they have detrimental effects on the body.

Types and characteristics of glue

How would one adhere linoleum to a floor? Adhesives come in two primary varieties: reactionary and dispersion. The decision is based on the coating’s properties as well as the surface that it is applied to.

Dispersion adhesives

This species’ only means are water-based polymer resin emulsions that have been supplemented with various fillers and mineral particles. The benefits are clear. Facilities:

  • do not have an unpleasant odor;
  • elastic;
  • Thanks to water -based, they are not toxic, environmentally friendly;
  • have excellent clutch indicators with the base.

Methods are appropriate for applying linoleum glue to a concrete surface. Following solidification, the joints and seams are perfectly sealed, and they are not exposed to moisture. For instance, the well-known glue Homakoll costs between 200 and 250 rubles per kilogram. 1 kV of usage. M minimum, although many adhesives are resistant to freezing.

Funds for distribution are split up into multiple categories:

  • Acrylate with acrylic resins are suitable for attaching to wood, concrete, the base from the mineral materials of a semi -commercial and commercial linoleum;
  • polyvinyl acetate, bustylates with the addition of latex, chalk are suitable for gluing thick PVC covers on a felt basis for fiberboard, chipboard, concrete;
  • Compounds of the Gumilax type based on rubber and latex resin are suitable for homogeneous material or foamed household coating on a natural basis;
  • Electric wire adhesives with a dispersion of conductive powder are used in laying antistatic linoleum;
  • Rubber mastics with bitumen resin are used for flooring on the first floors, in raw rooms. The rest are suitable only for rooms with a moisture content of up to 55-60 %.

It is therefore preferable to buy a composition that is labeled as frost resistant for a balcony, summer kitchen, or other similar spaces, as many dispersive adhesives cannot function at lower temperatures. Even in the cold, he won’t crumble. Clarify the GOST indication, verify the conformance certificates, and confirm the release date before making a purchase. Costly adhesives experience a partial loss of their properties.

Reactionary compositions

How can the coating be reliably glued in intricate areas? Reactionary adhesives are used for this purpose, such as in carpet and universal applications. They are used to solder joints and seams and are referred to as "cold welding."

The material reacts with the composition’s constituent parts. Following polymerization, a rigidly free layer that is impervious to shifting and separation forms between the base and the floor covering. Extremely strong glue holds, and the connection point can tolerate vibration and shock loads.

There are two types of adhesives: one component and one that needs to be mixed before use.

Application range for reactionary adhesives:

  • offices and other commercial premises;
  • Rooms with high cross -country ability – living rooms, hallways, kitchens;
  • bathrooms;
  • balconies;
  • stairs, common corridors.

The composition of all glues can be used to separate them into two groups:

  1. Polyurethane. Suitable for any type of linoleum, to all known reasons. They are often used in residential premises, since the unpleasant odor is weak and is quickly weathering. The cost is high-from 400-500 rubles per kilogram.
  2. Epoxy. Consist of epoxy resin and hardener (two -component). Their strength is even higher, but the composition contains toxic components (solvents). Typically, such adhesives are used for external work. Price – from 600 rubles per kilogram.

When used on a dirty floor, the adhesion indicator of most reactionary adhesives is significantly decreased. Therefore, it should be thoroughly cleaned before working. A primer layer is necessary for the mineral material grounds in order to reduce glue consumption and enhance clutch performance. One of adhesives’ drawbacks is their quick ignorance; installation needs to be done very carefully.

Glue stamps for linoleum

Construction stores are implementing funds from various manufacturers. In reality, Ceresit, Thomsit, Homakoll, Titan, and other systems continue to be the most widely used. The following list of funds can be used for linoleum adhesive:

  1. "Expert Bustilat". It is suitable for attaching linoleum on plywood, concrete, wood, it is better to use it on PVC covers on a felt-basis felt. Drying time – 24 hours.
  2. PVA is universal. Includes latex, suitable for gluing different materials to the floor and wall, is suitable for felt linoleum. Low consumption – up to 250 g/meter square with continuous application.
  3. The glue ks is universal. At the heart – liquid sodium glass, therefore, is more often used in laying ceramic tiles. Suitable for linoleum on a fabric, felt, jute basis.
  4. "Polina 105". Acrylic glue, can be applied to all types of materials and bases, drying time is small – 12 hours.
  5. Homakoll 228. This is water-dispersion glue for any household linoleum (homogeneous, heterogeneous). They can glue the material on a foamed, pile, fabric base. The product does not contain solvents, there is little water in it. Analogues Homakoll 228 are Homakoll 208, 202 and 248. Their properties are similar, but they are used only in rooms with low humidity.
  6. Thomsit L 240 D. Suitable for coatings with a thickness of less than 2.5 mm on water -absorbing bases. It is used in hospitals, schools.
  7. Forbo Eurocol Super 599. Forbo glue is universal, viscosity is average. Ideal for soft roller coatings. Its variety – Forbo Erfurt 523 with antistatic properties prevents the appearance of wandering currents.
  8. Bostik KS 330. Dispersion glue does not contain harmful components. Can be used to install a warm floor.
  9. Linocol – "Cold welding". Used mainly to fasten the joints of the flooring. Easily fastens the seams up to 4 mm thick. Convenient to use due to a thin nose.
  10. Mapei Ultrabond Eco Contact. For PVC covers, without solvents. Adhesion at a very high level, will help stick linoleum on steps, walls.
  11. Glue 88 rubber. A well -known composition, which is considered universal in everyday life. It is better to use it to stick joints. A little melts the base, but does not corrode it, which provides good adhesion. Implemented in the form of "liquid nails" in banks and tubes.
  12. Sintex H44. "Cold welding" for commercial, semi -commercial, domestic linoleum. Prevents shrinkage, creates a durable seam. If the surface is wet during operation, the seam will turn out to be white.
  13. Axton is universal. Suitable for linoleum, carpet. Implemented in banks of 14 kg, applied by a spatula, has high frost resistance.
  14. Kiilto UKI. High -strength composition, at the same time environmentally friendly, without smell. They can glue coatings and pvc plates, carpets, materials with a cellular substrate.
  15. Forbo 522. Dispersion glue, resistant to plasticizer migration, is best suited for foamed vinyl.
  16. Titan Wild. It is widely used in repair work, it can be applied to any floor covering. With thickening, it is easily diluted with alcohol.
  17. VGT flooring "economy". Suitable for domestic linoleum, carpet, waterproof, elastic, withstands freezing.
  18. Adhesives "Werner Muller". Various types of means for “cold welding” of new and old coatings, synthetics and natural -based flooring are produced. Used only in dry rooms.

It is important to acknowledge the Tarkett brand adhesives separately. The manufacturer has extensive knowledge of funding for floor covering installation because he also makes floor coverings. Compounds with antistatic qualities and single-layer (homogeneous) material are used for natural paintings. Adhesives for semi-commercial and commercial coatings are sold separately.

Choosing glue

It is imperative to choose the product based on factors other than coating type. Remember to consider the kind of base. While some glues are universal, others (such as plywood and board) cannot be glued with a tree. You can purchase PVA if you need to save money when joining flooring with a wooden floor.

It is more challenging to apply concrete screed; you will need to buy a professional composition. After encountering a well-known brand at the counter, you should carefully read the instructions. It always says what kind of glue is appropriate for. A calculator can then be used to determine the product pocket and determine the amount of materials consumed and, consequently, the cost of repairs.

Any room can have a long-lasting and beautiful finish by simply adhering linoleum to the floor. You will learn the best adhesives and techniques to accomplish a clean, strong bond from this article. We’ll go over every crucial step, from choosing the best kind of glue to preparing the floor and applying the adhesive properly. With minimal effort, you can achieve professional results with our advice and recommendations, regardless of whether you’re working with tiles or sheet linoleum.

Gluing linoleum on a concrete floor

Cement-based grounds are among the concrete grounds. They have the capacity to draw and retain liquids. This property will be advantageous if the linoleum lasts "for centuries," but it will be detrimental if frequent coating updates are required. Consequently, such specifications are built into the compositions for gluing coatings on concrete. They must:

  • allow, if necessary, to remove the material;
  • Keep hard, prevent linoleum shift during operation;
  • Do not destroy the coating, do not wash out modifying additives from it.

Purchasing alkyd (glyftal) linoleums with tissue insulation is the best option for a concrete floor. If the flooring is bought without a base, a layer of fiberboard, chipboard, or OSP will need to be laid before it can be installed.

How should vinyl be correctly adhered to concrete? This is a detailed instruction:

  1. Thoroughly prepare the base – clean from dust, dirt, spots, dry, remove the skirting board. In the presence of cracks more than 2 mm, they must be sealed with a construction mixture. The temperature during work is not lower than +15 degrees. Leave the acquired material in a warm room for 2 days without rolling a roll.
  2. Drill holes for skirting boards and a mesh verbal spin, if necessary. Make a trim along the perimeter. If linoleum is placed in a single piece, the uneven edges are covered with a baseboard. Between the wall and the canvas you need to leave a gap of 0.5 cm.
  3. Glue the concrete floor with a composition that is suitable for this purpose and does not contradict the components of glue. Typically, compatibility is reflected on packages. Some experts are also primed to linoleum, but this is not necessary.
  4. Next, you can proceed to the installation of the coating. Dip half linoleum, using a spatula, apply glue with a thin layer. When it is indicated that the composition can be applied with a net and act. This is usually allowed only in small rooms. Then, if indicated in the instructions, wait for the glue slightly dried.
  5. Press the coating to the floor, smooth out. To do this, it is best to use a construction rink ("Skalka"). Drive out all the accumulations of air, moving from the center to the edges. Also do with the second half of the coating. Take the edge under the door jamb. Do not walk on the floor 1-2 days.

In large rooms, you have to glue two or more pieces of material. The technology is the same, but the glue is not applied to the edges (15 cm), the canvases are overlapped 3 cm. The joint line is cut out at once on two canvases, previously drawing a flat strip and pressing with a metal ruler or temporarily fixed with double -sided tape. This work is carried out after the glue is completely dry. Next, bending the edges, glue them with compounds like "Cold welding". After pressing and rolling the junction of the joint with a rubber roller, remove excess glue. Put the load, leave for 2 days. After you can install spike.

Gluing coating on a wooden floor

The base of the wooden floor should be clean, dry, and level. These are the general requirements. The boards or sheets must be thrown if there are cracks in them. The linoleum roll is allowed to come to room temperature for two days. You must get ready for work by:

  • glue;
  • roulette;
  • putty knife;
  • rubber roller or clamp;
  • sharp knife;
  • marker.

It is advised to buy linoleum in exact sizes to prevent joints and seams. Trim the edges, paying attention to the room’s architectural details, before adhering. The board is positioned beneath the bottom while they simultaneously hold the section that has been cut to prevent the coating from tearing. Boards of bilateral tape were previously glued to the faner, OSP, 40 cm away from each wall. This will assist in preventing coating shifting during pruning. One day later, you can start gluing. Position the roll ahead of the task.

The work order has the following features but is essentially the same as with a concrete basis:

  • At the edge of the roll, grease the wooden floor with glue – a strip of 30 cm wide, while the layer is desirable to make uniform thickness, without hill and grooves;
  • attach the material to a smeared place, act accurately, since repeated rolling reduce the quality of gluing;
  • Go to the decomposed area, with a flat press, remove air from under linoleum;
  • inspect the surface of the material at different angles in order to completely eliminate the presence of bubbles;
  • stripes 30-40 cm glue the entire room, rolling out a roll;
  • After solidifying the composition, you can glue the joints using a “cold welding” or other method, after fixing the skirting boards.

Method Description
Double-sided Tape Simple and fast. Ideal for small rooms. Just unroll the tape on the floor, peel off the backing, and press the linoleum down.
Acrylic Adhesive Strong and durable. Spread the adhesive on the floor, lay the linoleum, and smooth it out to remove bubbles. Best for high-traffic areas.
Spray Adhesive Quick and easy. Spray the adhesive on both the floor and linoleum, wait a few minutes, then press them together. Good for small or irregular areas.
Glue Gun Precise and clean. Apply hot glue to the floor in sections, then press the linoleum down. Great for edges and corners.

A simple process that can significantly improve the longevity and appearance of your flooring is gluing linoleum to the floor. You can guarantee a strong bond that resists normal wear and tear by selecting the appropriate adhesive and application technique. There are several choices available, ranging from standard double-sided tape for small spaces to specialty adhesives for larger areas or particular circumstances.

It is essential to comprehend the various adhesive types and their uses. Most residential uses can benefit from the ease of use and general safety of water-based adhesives. Conversely, solvent-based adhesives offer a more robust adhesion and are better suited for commercial areas experiencing increased foot traffic. Furthermore, double-sided tape provides a speedy and less messy solution that is perfect for short-term installations or smaller spaces.

To get the greatest outcomes, the floor surface must be properly prepared. Make sure there is no debris or leftover adhesive on the floor and that it is dry and clean. By taking this step, the adhesive will adhere to the subfloor and the linoleum more firmly. By taking the time to complete this task correctly, you can avoid more issues down the road, such as linoleum lifting or bubbling.

Finally, think about the particular requirements of your area. Adhesives made specifically to withstand high humidity and temperature fluctuations might be needed in certain areas. To guarantee optimum performance and longevity, always adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions for the adhesive and the linoleum.

You can successfully glue linoleum to your floor by following these instructions, giving your space a smooth, appealing, long-lasting surface that improves both its appearance and use. The proper tools and supplies are essential for a successful project, whether you’re working on a professional installation or a do-it-yourself project.

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Daniel Sedov

Master finish with 20 years of experience. I know everything about painting walls, ceilings, facades. I will gladly help you make your home beautiful and cozy.NoEDIT]

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