How to choose aerosol enamel?

Selecting the appropriate aerosol enamel can significantly impact your painting endeavors. The correct enamel will give you a smooth, long-lasting finish whether you’re painting, restoring furniture, or customizing a car. But how do you choose the ideal option for your needs when there are so many to choose from?

Think about the surface you’ll be painting first. Different materials have different needs, such as wood, plastic, and metal. Aerosol enamels are made to stick well to these surfaces, but in order to get results that last, you must select the right one for your particular project.

Next, consider the outcome you hope to accomplish. Aerosol enamels are available in matte and glossy finishes. Matte finishes offer a more muted, elegant appearance, while glossy finishes offer a shiny, reflective surface that is simple to clean. Even a satin or semi-gloss finish, which finds a balance between the two, might be advantageous for some projects.

Color choice is yet another important consideration. With the wide range of colors that aerosol enamels come in, you can match existing tones or go for a striking new look. Think about how a color will contrast or complement other project elements when selecting a hue. Many brands provide color charts or sample sizes to aid in decision-making if you’re not sure.

Finally, be mindful of the application procedure and drying time. Certain enamels are perfect for urgent projects because they dry quickly and can be recoated in a matter of minutes. Some might need more time to cure, but they are more durable. For optimal results, always adhere to the manufacturer’s instructions. Additionally, keep in mind that working in a well-ventilated area is safer.

You can select the ideal aerosol enamel to give your project a stunning, long-lasting finish by taking these things into account. Have fun with your paintings!

Criteria Details
Surface Type Choose enamel compatible with the material you"re painting, like metal, wood, or plastic.
Color and Finish Pick the color and finish (glossy, matte, satin) that suits your project.
Durability Look for enamel designed to withstand the conditions (indoor, outdoor, high wear).
Drying Time Check how quickly the enamel dries to plan your project timeline.
Application Ease Choose aerosol enamel with a spray nozzle that offers good control and even coverage.
Safety Ensure proper ventilation and use protective gear, as aerosols can emit harmful fumes.
Price Balance cost with quality to fit your budget without compromising on the finish.

Properties of alkyd enamels

This class of emalers is made using specific additives and alkyd varnish. The latter group consists of filler-containing solvents, color-giving pigments, and antiseptics that shield the coating from fungus and mold. Sand, crushed marble, or very finely ground granite serve as filler, while the White Spirit acts as a solvent for alkyd compounds.

Glyftal and pentifal are the two types of varnish that serve as the foundation for alkyd enamels. Pentifal varnish, a viscous resin combined with vegetable oils, glycerin, and rosin, is commonly used in the production of paints and varnishes.

The benefits of alkyd compounds

  1. A characteristic feature of coatings treated with alkyd enamels – durability.
  2. Good elasticity
  3. The drying of painted surfaces occurs quite quickly, due to which paint and varnish materials can be used for internal work.
  4. You can paint the facade, since the solution is moisture resistant and does not lose its qualities at temperature differences.
  5. The original color of the coating is preserved, since it does not yellow.
  6. No shrinkage of paint does not occur.
  7. Alkids protect the surface from rust.
  8. Enamel is able to resist the effects of aggressive chemicals.

Classification of alkyd enamels

Alkyd enamels are separated into several subspecies based on their areas of application and technical attributes. Every brand has a unique code made up of letters and numbers. You can accurately ascertain the composition’s properties and purpose with the help of this cipher. For instance, the pentifal component is used to create the PF-120; the unit designates that the composition is meant for facade work, and the number 20 denotes the catalog number.

Besides one, additional numbers are utilized:

  • zero-soil-enamel;
  • Two – composition for internal work;
  • Troika – conservative paintwork material used to fill the equipment;
  • Four is a moisture resistant composition;
  • Five-paints for solving specialized problems (scruising of animal pests, backlight in the dark, etc.P.);
  • Six-resistance to fuel and lubricants;
  • seven – chemical stability;
  • Eight – thermally stable compositions;
  • nine – electro -insulating and electrical wire properties.

The characteristics of the most popular alkyd enamels are listed below:

  1. GF-230 is a glyftal composition created for staining internal surfaces. However, the GF-230 can only be used for painting walls and ceilings, but not floors, since the composition is unstable to mechanical influences. There are many shades of glyftal enamel: from light cream to dark colors. The deadline for drying the surface is up to 24 hours. A distinctive feature is a pronounced pungent smell.
  2. PF-133 is used to process metal or pre-primed surfaces. It differs in low hiding place (20-120 grams per square meter), so the composition is applied in two layers. Drying occurs after a couple of hours. You can choose from 15 not very bright shades. The paint is intended for a temperate climate, where the surface retains its operational characteristics for 5-6 years, without cracking and without deforming.
  3. PF-115 is used for staining metal, wood and other surfaces. Due to the insufficiently high cover (30-120 grams per square meter), it is applied in two layers. 24 shades of high saturation and brightness paint are available to the buyer. The help is applied, but a brush can be used. The drying period varies between 8 and 24 hours.
  4. PF-223 is designed for staining wood and metal. It is especially often used for painting batteries, as it is characterized by increased heat resistance. The assortment series includes 17 diverse shades. Before use, the paint is diluted with solvent, xylol or gasoline. Complete drying occurs after 30-36 hours. A characteristic feature of paint is a sharp caustic smell.
  5. PF-253 is used to stain wooden floors (after primer). Varnish material is applied in two layers.
  6. PF-126 is sold together with the NF-1 filler, which serves as a hardener.
  7. Matte enamel is used for both internal and facade work. This type of paint is resistant to moisture, chemical reagents and oils. The coating is capable of carrying temperature fluctuations from -50 to +60 degrees Celsius. Differs in high hiding place (90-180 grams per square meter). The composition must be diluted with white spirit or solvent.
  8. Aerosol enamel. As mentioned above, the main difference between enamels in spray cans and all others is a method of application, as well as faster drying.

Selecting the appropriate aerosol enamel requires taking into account a number of important aspects to guarantee you get the greatest results for your project. Assess the surface that you plan to paint as well as the kind of finish—matte, satin, or glossy—that you want. In particular, if the product is intended for outdoor use or high-traffic areas, look for one with good coverage and durability. Look for formulas that dry quickly so you can save time and reduce the chance of dust or debris destroying the finish. Lastly, look into customer feedback and suggestions to identify a reputable company that regularly produces excellent outcomes.

The choice of enamel

There is a large assortment of foreign and Russian enamels on store shelves. The following are the main distinctions between imported and native products:

  1. Russian manufacturers usually do not focus on the packaging of goods. Import paints are available in a more attractive container.
  2. Domestic products are often cheaper, but this is achieved due to cheaper components, which directly affects the quality of the work performed.
  3. Foreign enamels often contain special expensive additives that allow you to remove or at least significantly reduce unpleasant odors, accelerate the drying of the coating. In addition, imported products are characterized by a wider choice of color shades and good hiding.

Selecting the appropriate aerosol enamel can significantly impact the attainment of a flawless, polished appearance. You can make sure that your project will turn out exactly as you imagined by taking into account factors like the type of surface you’re painting, the working conditions, and the desired durability of the finish.

Prior to choosing an aerosol enamel, determine the exact specifications needed for the project. Various types of enamel may be needed for different surfaces, like plastic, wood, or metal, in order to achieve the best possible adhesion and finish. You can find out if the enamel is appropriate for the purpose for which you intend to use it by closely reading the product label.

Environmental influences are also very important. When applying enamel, take into account the surrounding temperature and humidity levels as these can have an impact on the finish’s quality and drying time. Additionally, picking a well-ventilated location is crucial to preventing fume inhalation and guaranteeing that the paint dries uniformly.

Lastly, consider the outcome you hope to accomplish. There are three different finishes available for aerosol enamels: matte, satin, and glossy. Your decision will be based on the degree of protection you require and the style you want. Matte finishes can provide a more understated, elegant appearance, but glossy finishes are typically more resilient and simpler to clean.

Making the time to carefully select the appropriate aerosol enamel will guarantee the success of your project and a beautiful, long-lasting finish. You can easily achieve professional results with a little research and attention to detail.

Video on the topic

Inral paint (aerosol enamel)

Selection of paint for cars in a spray can. Paint for the car.

What color, in your opinion, is able to make a person happier?
Share to friends
Alice Chernyshev

Artist with 15 years of experience, color solutions specialist in interior design. I am in love with the world of colors from childhood, I am happy to share my knowledge and experience.

Rate author
Add a comment